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Virchows Archiv A

, Volume 382, Issue 3, pp 293–300 | Cite as

Detection of hepatitis B surface antigen in fixed tissues of patients with cirrhosis and hepatoma

  • G. Theodoropoulos
  • L. Nakopoulou
  • M. Repanti
  • N. Papacharalampous
  • K. Melissinos
Original Articles

Summary

HBsAg has been sought by light microscopy in liver specimens from patients with cirrhosis (79 cases) and hepatoma (99 cases). The study was carried out on fixed material using orcein staining, immunoperoxidase technique and indirect immunofluorescence. HBsAg was detected in the serum by radio-immunoassay (RIA) using Ausria II-125 in 38 patients with cirrhosis and in 36 with hepatoma. In the 38 seropositive cases of cirrhosis HBsAg-positive cells were observed in 31 (81.6%) by the orcein staining and in 32 (84.2%) by the peroxidase and immunofluorescence staining. Among the 36 seropositive patients with hepatoma, HBsAg was detected in the surrounding non-neoplastic part of the liver, cirrhotic or not, in 30 (83.3%) by orcein staining and in 34 (94.4%) by the immunoperoxidase method and immunofluorescence. Positive solitary-cells were seen occasionally in the tumor tissue in 16 cases using orcein, in 9 using peroxidase and in 7 by fluorescence, out of the 36 seropositive patients with hepatoma. The results of this study do not support the hypothesis of a direct oncogenic effect of HBsAg on the liver cells, since this antigen was detected mainly in the non-neoplastic part of the liver tissue and only occasionally in the tumor cells. Of the 63 cases of seronegative hepatoma, 3 showed some round orcein-positive inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of the neoplastic and the non-neoplastic cells; these bodies were not stained by the two immunological methods.

Key words

Hepatitis B antigen Hepatoma Cirrhosis Immunoperoxidase Immunofluorescence 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Theodoropoulos
    • 1
  • L. Nakopoulou
    • 1
  • M. Repanti
    • 1
  • N. Papacharalampous
    • 1
  • K. Melissinos
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathologic Physiology and Department of PathologyAthens University Medical SchoolAthensGreece

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