Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 134, Issue 1, pp 23–27 | Cite as

Distribution of plastocyanin and soluble plastidic cytochrome c in various classes of algae

  • Gerhard Sandmann
  • Hildegard Reck
  • Erich Kessler
  • Peter Böger
Original Papers


Several eukaryotic algae belonging to the main taxonomic classes have been cultured autotrophically in liquid medium supplemented with or depleted of copper to assay their ability to form plastocyanin or exchange it against plastidic cytochrome c-553. Most Chlorophyceae are able to substitute cytochrome c-533 for plastocyanin with some exceptions like Haematococcus or Dunaliella, which can only synthesize plastocyanin. Also within the Chlorella group, about half of the 28 strains assayed cannot synthesize cytochrome c-553 under copper deficiency. Species of Chrysophyceae, Xanthophyceae, and Rhodophyceae, on the other hand, cannot synthesize plastocyanin even when a comparatively high copper concentration (10μM) is available.

Serological cross-reactions of various plastocyanincontaining Chlorella homogenates against an antibody towards Scenedesmus plastocyanin exhibit a pattern which cannot be taxonomically used at the moment.

Including previous data on blue-green algae, it appears that, in the course of evolution, cytochrome c-553 dominates in the older species. In the Chlorophyceae, it is mutually exchangeable against plastocyanin which becomes the only electron donor to P700 in higher plants.

Key words

Plastocyanin Cytochrome exchange Algal taxonomy Chlorella 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhard Sandmann
    • 1
  • Hildegard Reck
    • 1
  • Erich Kessler
    • 2
  • Peter Böger
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für Physiologie und Biochemie der PflanzenUniversität KonstanzKonstanzFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für Botanik and Pharmazeutische BiologieUniversität ErlangenErlangenFederal Republic of Germany

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