Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 97–103 | Cite as

Genetic characterisation of New Zealand and Australian wine yeasts

Occurrence of killer systems and homothallism
  • R. J. Thornton


Twenty five culture wine yeast strains from New Zealand and Australia were examined for killer capability or sensitivity. Eight yeast strains were K 2 + killers, six of the K 2 + R 1 - R 3 + phenotype and two of the K 2 + R 1 - R 3 - phenotype. The seventeen sensitive strains were separated into four phenotype classes. The homothallic life cycle was detected in twenty-one strains and one further strain is probably triploid.


Yeast Strain Grape Juice Wine Yeast Spore Culture Wine Yeast Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. BenitezT., DelCastilloL., AguileraA., CondeJ. & Cerda-OlmedoE. (1983) Selection of wine yeasts for growth and fermentation in the presence of ethanol and sucrose. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45: 1429–1436PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. HaraS., IimuraY. & OtsukaK. (1980) Breeding of useful killer wine yeasts. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 31: 28–33Google Scholar
  3. HaraS. (1984) Application of killer yeasts in winemaking. Hakkokogaku Kaishi 62: 325–340Google Scholar
  4. MakowerM. & BevanE. A. (1963) The inheritance of killer character in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Proc. Int. Congr. Genet. The Hague ed. Goerts, S. J. 11: 127Google Scholar
  5. Makower, M. (1964) Inheritance of killer reaction in yeast. Doctor of Philosophy Thesis. Oxford UniversityGoogle Scholar
  6. MortimerR. K. & HawthorneD. C. (1969) Yeast Genetics. In: A. H.Rose & J. S.Harrison (eds), The Yeasts, Vol. 1, pp 386–460. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  7. NaumovaG. I. & NaumovT. I. (1973) Comparative genetics of yeast XIII. Comparative study of killer strains of Saccharomyces from different collections. Genetika 9: 140PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. NaumovG. I., TyurinaL. V., Bur'yanN. I. & NaumogaT. I. (1973) Winemaking, an ecological niche of type K2 killer Saccharomyces. Biol. Nauki 16: 103–107Google Scholar
  9. NaumovG. I. & KondratevaV. I. (1979) Tetraploidy in the yeast Saccharomyces oxidans 2592. Dokl. Akad. Nauk. SSSR 245: 231–233Google Scholar
  10. TakahashiT. (1978). Genetic analysis of a German wine yeast. Bull. Brew. Sci. 24: 39–47Google Scholar
  11. ThorntonR. J. & EschenbruchR. (1976) Homothallism in wine yeasts. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 42: 503–509CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. ThorntonR. J. & EschenbruchR. (1981) Homothallism einer schwach und einer stark sulfitbildenden Weinhefe. Die Wein-Wissenschaft 36: 181–182Google Scholar
  13. ThorntonR. J. (1982) Selective hybridisation of pure culture wine yeasts II. Improvement of fermentation efficiency and inheritance of SO2 tolerance. Eur. J. App. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 14: 159–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. ThorntonR. J. (1983) New yeast strains from old: The application of genetics to wine yeasts. Food Technol. Australia 35: 46–50Google Scholar
  15. WicknerR. B. (1981) Killer systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: J. N.Strathern, E. W.Jones & J. B.Broach (eds), The molecular biology of the yeast Saccharomyces: Life cycle and inheritance. pp 415–444. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. WicknerR. B. (1983) Killer systems in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: Three distinct modes of exclusion of M2 double-stranded RNA by three species of double-stranded RNA, M1, L-A-E, and L-A-HN. Molec. Cell. Biol. 3: 654–661CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. YoungT. W. & YagiuM (1978) A comparison of the killer character in different yeasts and its classification. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 44: 59–77CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Thornton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and GeneticsMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations