Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 193–198 | Cite as

Utilization of methanol by rhodospirillaceae

  • J. R. Quayle
  • N. Pfennig
Short Communications

Abstract

Enrichment culture of organisms growing anaerobically in the light in methanol-bicarbonate medium resulted in isolation of strains of Rhodopseudomonas gelatinosa and Rhodopseudomonas acidophila. The pH optimum for growth on methanol for all strains tested was approximately one unit higher than for growth on carbon sources containing more than one carbon atom. At the appropriate pH, 17 strains of Rhodospirillaceae out of 39 in a culture collection grew anaerobically in the light on methanol-bicarbonate. Rhodopseudomonas acidophila strain 10050 showed the most abundant growth and was studied in more detail. Its growth on methanol was stimulated by yeast extract or vitamin-free casamino acids. The organism grew on methanol-bicarbonate, methanol-formate or formate alone as the sole carbon sources. No growth was observed on methylamine or formaldehyde. In the presence of excess bicarbonate a maximum yield of 98 g cell material from 100 g methanol was obtained. Ribulose diphosphate carboxylase was present in the methanol-bicarbonate-grown organism at six times the specific activity of that in the succinate-grown organism.

Key words

Methanol Utilization Rhodospirillaceae Rhodopseudomonas acidophila Formaldehyde Formic Acid Methylamine Carbon Dioxide RuDPCase Growth Yield 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Quayle
    • 1
  • N. Pfennig
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Mikrobiologie der Gesellschaft für Strahlen-und Umweltforschung mbH München in GöttingenGöttingenGermany

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