Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 124, Issue 2–3, pp 261–268 | Cite as

Metabolic regulation in Pseudomonas oxalaticus OX1. Diauxic growth on mixtures of oxalate and formate or acetate

  • L. Dijkhuizen
  • B. van der Werf
  • W. Harder


Diauxic growth was observed in batch cultures of Pseudomonas oxalaticus when cells were pregrown on acetate and then transferred to mixtures of acetate and oxalate. In the first phase of growth only acetate was utilized. After the exhaustion of acetate from the medium enzymes involved in the metabolism of oxalate were synthesized during a lag phase of 2 h, followed by a second growth phase on oxalate. When the organism was pregrown on oxalate, oxalate utilization from the mixture with acetate completely ceased after a few hours during which acetate became the preferred substrate. Similar observations were made with formate/oxalate mixtures in which formate was the preferred substrate. Until formate was exhausted, it completely suppressed oxalate metabolism, again resulting in diauxic growth. However, when the organism was pregrown on oxalate and then transferred to mixtures of oxalate and formate, both substrates were utilized simultaneously although the initial rate of oxalate utilization from the mixture was strongly reduced as compared to growth on oxalate alone.

Since both preferred substrates cross the cytoplasmic membrane by diffusion, whereas oxalate is accumulated by an inducible, active transport system, the effect of acetate and formate on oxalate transport was studied at different external pH values. At pH 5.5 both substrates completely inhibited oxalate transport. However, at pH 7.5, the pH at which the diauxic growth experiments were performed, formate and acetate did not affect oxalate transport. Growth patterns and enzymes profiles suggest that, at higher pH values, formate and acetate possibly affect oxalate utilization via an effect on the internal pool of oxalyl-CoA, the first product of oxalate metabolism.

Key words

Pseudomonas oxalaticus OX1 Diauxic growth Oxalate, formate and acetate Active transport Coenzyme A Regulation 



phenazine methosulphate


ribulosebisphosphate carboxylase




formate dehydrogenase


protonmotive force


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Dijkhuizen
    • 1
  • B. van der Werf
    • 1
  • W. Harder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MicrobiologyUniversity of GroningenHarenThe Netherlands

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