Fitness changes of naval women following aerobic based programs featuring calisthenic or circuit weight training exercises
- 80 Downloads
Two research investigations were undertaken to determine the effects of experimental aerobic/circuit weight training (A/CWT) and standard Navy aerobic/calisthenic (A/CAL) training on fitness parameters.
Study I Subjects were 22 female officer and enlisted personnel aged 24 to 34 years (mean=28.2). The women followed a 10-week A/ CWT program working at an intensity of 60% of determined one repetition maximum (1RM). These women showed significant (p<0.05) improvements in dynamic muscular strength, muscular endurance, and stamina. Only upper torso static strength was unaffected by training.
Study IIParticipants were 115 female recruits aged 17 to 34 years (mean=20.4). They were randomly assigned to one of three training groups: 1) aerobic/calisthenic training (A/CAL) (N=58); 2) aerobic/circuit weight training at 40% (A/CWT-40) of maximum strength determined for a single repetition (1RM) of the lifting exercises (N=26); and 3) aerobic/circuit weight training at 70% (A/CWT-70) of determined 1RM (N=30).
Results showed that standard recruit A/CAL training did not significantly (p<0.05) enhance upper torso dynamic strength (except the lat-pull-down test) or stamina. A/CWT-70 elicited significantly (p<0.05) higher gains in several tests of upper torso strength than A/CAL or A/CWT-40. These results suggest that A/CWT offers a way to develop the required upper torso strength of Navy women.
Key wordsPhysical fitness Muscular strength Job performance
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- American College of Sports Medicine Position Statement on Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Fitness in Healthy Adults (1978). Medicine and Science in Sports 10: 1:vii-xGoogle Scholar
- Berger RA (1961) Comparison of static and dynamic strength increases. Res Quart 33:329–333Google Scholar
- Drinkwater BL (1973) Physiological responses of women to exercise. In: Wilmore JH (ed) Exercise and sport sciences reviews, vol 1. Academic Press, New York, pp. 125–153Google Scholar
- Hanson JS, Nedde W (1974) Long-term physical training effect in sedentary females. J Applied Physiol 37:112–116Google Scholar
- Hodgdon JA, Beckett M (1983) Another validation of the RSG4 maximal work capacity test. Summaries of the 4th NATO RSG4 Physical Fitness Meeting with Special Reference to Military Forces, Brussels, Begium. NATO Report DS/A/DR(83)73, pp 12–13Google Scholar
- Hoiberg A (1980) Women in the Navy: performance, healthy, and motherhood. Changing U.S. Military Manpower Realities. Westview Press, Inc Boulder, COGoogle Scholar
- Hull CH, Nie NH (1981) SPSS Update 7-9. McGraw-Hill, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
- Instructor Guide for U.S. Navy Recruit training. NAVCRUI-TRACOMSDIEGOINST 5400.17DGoogle Scholar
- Laubach L (1976b) Muscular strength of women and men: a comparative study. AMRL-TR-75-32. Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, OhioGoogle Scholar
- Linton M, Gallo PS (1975) The Practical Statistician: Simplified Handbook of Statistics. Brooks/Cole Publishing Co, Monterey, CAGoogle Scholar
- Marcinik EJ (1984a) SPARTEN: A total body fitness program for health and physical readiness. Naval Health Res Cent, San Diego, CA, Report No. 84-38Google Scholar
- Marcinik EJ, Hodgdon JA, Mittleman K, O'Brien JJ (1984b) Aerobic/calisthenic and aerobic/circuit weight training programs for Navy men: a comparative study. Naval Health Res Cent, San Diego, CA, Report No. 84-6Google Scholar
- Murphy MA, Nemmers TM (1978) Ammunition loading and firing test — pretest physical conditioning of female soldier participants. Technical Note 11–78, U.S. Army Human Engineering Lab, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MDGoogle Scholar
- Pollock ML (1973) The quantification of endurance training program. In: Wilmore JH (ed), Exercise and sport sciences Reviews, vol 1. Academic Press, New York, pp 155–158Google Scholar
- Robertson D (April 1982) Development of an occupational strength test battery (STB). Navy Personnel Res and Dev Center TR-82-42Google Scholar
- Robertson D (2–4 May 1983) Relationship of dynamic strength, static strength, and body weight to mental and muscular tasks. Proceedings of the 24th DRG Seminar on The Human as a Limiting Element in Military Systems. Toronto, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Rogosa D (1981) On the relationship between the Johnson-Neyman region of significance and statistical tests of parallel within-group regressions. Educat Psychol Measurement, pp 140–146Google Scholar
- Tatsuoka MM (1971) Multivariate analysis. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Walker HM, Lev J (1953) Statistical inference. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New YorkGoogle Scholar