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Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 149, Issue 5, pp 395–400 | Cite as

A new purple sulfur bacterium from stratified freshwater lakes, Amoebobacter purpureus sp. nov.

  • Barbara Eichler
  • Norbert Pfennig
Original Papers

Abstract

Six strains of a new purple sulfur bacterium were isolated from the chemocline of four different freshwater lakes. Single cells were spherical to oval, nonmotile and contained gas vacuoles in the central part of the cytoplasm. All strains contained bacteriochlorophyll a and okenone as the major carotenoid. The intracytoplasmic membrane system was of vesicular type. All strains resembled each other in growth conditions and utilization of simple organic carbon sources. The strains were able to grow microaerophilic in the dark, used hydrogen sulfide, elemental sulfur or thiosulfate as electron donor, and lacked assimilatory sulfate reduction. On the basis of all characteristics the new bacterium represents a new species of the genus Amoebobacter, A. purpureus sp. nov.

Key words

Chromatiaceae Gas vacuoles Stratified freshwater lakes Amoebobacter Okenone Bacteriochlorophyll a 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Eichler
    • 1
  • Norbert Pfennig
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für BiologieUniversität KonstanzKonstanzFederal Republic of Germany

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