A study of physical demands in riding

  • D. Westerling


Thirteen experienced riders and three elite riders underwent bicycle ergometer tests at submaximal and maximal workloads. Oxygen uptake, pulmonary ventilation and heart rate were also studied during riding at a walk, a trot and a canter. The mean maximal oxygen uptake of the experienced riders in the ergometer test (2.71·min−1) was superior to the average maximal oxygen uptake of other groups of the same age and sex. The average oxygen uptake of the experienced riders in trot sitting was 1.70 l·min−1, trot rising 1.68 l·min−1 and in canter 1.80 l·min−1. The experienced riders used at least 60% of their maximal aerobic power in trot and canter, which is an exercise intensity that may induce some training effect. Two elite riders consistently had lower oxygen uptakes in riding than the other riders. The heart rate — oxygen uptake relationships in riding and in the ergometer tests were similar, except during trot sitting when the heart rate tended to be higher, indicating a larger share of static muscle contraction in this gait. Static muscle strength was measured in nine riders and seven non-riders. Six muscle groups were investigated, but no significant difference in muscle strength could be demonstrated between riders and controls.

Key words

Heart rate Oxygen uptake Riding Static muscle strength 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Westerling
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Work PhysiologyNational Board of Occupational Safety and HealthStockholmSweden

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