The effects of body position and exercise on plasma volume dynamics

  • J. M. Pivarnik
  • M. P. Goetting
  • L. C. SenayJr.
Article

Summary

We examined the plasma volume changes associated with a protocol of either exercise or controlled rest under identical positional and ambient conditions. Nine healthy adult males rode (E) and on another occasion sat quietly (C) on a cycle ergometer for 30 min. Ten minutes of cycle exercise immediately followed the resting C protocol. Ambient temperature was 30‡ C (rh=35%) and exercise load was equal to 50% of peak \(\dot V_{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}} }\). Venous blood samples were obtained with subjects both in the supine and seated positions prior to all experiments. Additional blood was drawn during minutes 1, 5, 10, and 30 in both experimental conditions. A final sample was taken during C after the 10 min exercise. Moving from the supine to a seated position resulted in an average loss of 162 ml of plasma across all experiments. During the E condition a further reduction in plasma volume (76 ml) occurred by one minute of exercise. Plasma volume stabilized by 5 min of exercise under the E protocol. During the C condition, subsequent fluid loss (98 ml) was not apparent until 10 min after the first seated sample and totalled 176 ml at the end of 30 min of rest. Ten minutes of cycling at the end of the C experiment resulted in a further plasma volume reduction of 137 ml. Plasma protein and albumin contents decreased by 5 min of exercise in E and by 30 min of rest in C. [Na+] and [Cl−] did not change in either condition but a rapid increase in [K+] during exercise indicated an addition of potassium to the vascular volume. An hypothesis concerning the factors involved in postural and exercise body fluid shifts is presented.

Key words

Plasma proteins Human Cycle ergometer exercise Posture Blood volume 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Pivarnik
    • 1
  • M. P. Goetting
    • 1
  • L. C. SenayJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologySt. Louis University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA

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