Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on the physiological response to heavy exercise


Six endurance-trained young men were subjected to a 4 min maximal aerobic treadmill run (100% of VO2 max), after active or passive warm-up or rest on separate days. The increase in body temperature during the active and passive warm-up was controlled, so that the temperature reached the same level, before the subject was exposed to the maximal exercise. On average the rectal temperature rose to 38.3‡ C (range 38.1–38.6‡ C). The standard work resulted in a significant higher oxygen uptake, lower lactate concentration and higher blood pH when the work was preceded by active warm-up as compared with passive or no warm-up. The difference in total oxygen uptake during the run between the active and passive warm-up procedure was 0.8 l. No significant difference in minute volume of expired air or respiratory quotient was found. It is concluded that the physiological effects of a thorough active warm-up may be of substantial benefit to athletic performance.

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Correspondence to F. Ingjer.

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Ingjer, F., StrØmme, S.B. Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on the physiological response to heavy exercise. Europ. J. Appl. Physiol. 40, 273–282 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00421519

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Key words

  • Warm-up
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Lactate concentration
  • Heart rate
  • Respiration