Effects of active, passive or no warm-up on the physiological response to heavy exercise

  • F. Ingjer
  • S. B. StrØmme


Six endurance-trained young men were subjected to a 4 min maximal aerobic treadmill run (100% of VO2 max), after active or passive warm-up or rest on separate days. The increase in body temperature during the active and passive warm-up was controlled, so that the temperature reached the same level, before the subject was exposed to the maximal exercise. On average the rectal temperature rose to 38.3‡ C (range 38.1–38.6‡ C). The standard work resulted in a significant higher oxygen uptake, lower lactate concentration and higher blood pH when the work was preceded by active warm-up as compared with passive or no warm-up. The difference in total oxygen uptake during the run between the active and passive warm-up procedure was 0.8 l. No significant difference in minute volume of expired air or respiratory quotient was found. It is concluded that the physiological effects of a thorough active warm-up may be of substantial benefit to athletic performance.

Key words

Warm-up Oxygen uptake Lactate concentration Heart rate Respiration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Ingjer
    • 1
  • S. B. StrØmme
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of PhysiologyNorwegian College of Physical Education and SportOslo 8Norway

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