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Inhibition of polar calcium movement and gravitropism in roots treated with auxin-transport inhibitors

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Primary roots of maize (Zea mays L.) and pea (Pisum sativum L.) exhibit strong positive gravitropism. In both species, gravistimulation induces polar movement of calcium across the root tip from the upper side to the lower side. Roots of onion (Allium cepa L.) are not responsive to gravity and gravistimulation induces little or no polar movement of calcium across the root tip. Treatment of maize or pea roots with inhibitors of auxin transport (morphactin, naphthylphthalamic acid, 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid) prevents both gravitropism and gravity-induced polar movement of calcium across the root tip. The results indicate that calcium movement and auxin movement are closely linked in roots and that gravity-induced redistribution of calcium across the root cap may play an important role in the development of gravitropic curvature.

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9-hydroxyfluorenecarboxylic acid


naphthylphthalamic acid


2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid


indole-3-acetic acid


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Lee, J.S., Mulkey, T.J. & Evans, M.L. Inhibition of polar calcium movement and gravitropism in roots treated with auxin-transport inhibitors. Planta 160, 536–543 (1984).

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