Advertisement

Archives of Microbiology

, Volume 126, Issue 3, pp 291–293 | Cite as

Flexirubin-type pigments in Flavobacterium

  • H. Reichenbach
  • W. Kohl
  • Angelika Böttger-Vetter
  • H. Achenbach
Short Communication

Abstract

In an organism (strain C 1/2 from Dr. P. R. Hayes, Leeds) regarded as a typical representative of the genus Flavobacterium, flexirubin-type pigments have been identified. The Flavobacterium pigments contain structural elements of both, the pigments of the genus Flexibacter and the pigments of the genus Cytophaga. As flexirubin-type pigments seem to have a rather restricted distribution among bacteria, and have formerly proved to be useful chemosystematic markers for the flexibacteria, this new observation may indicate that there is a relatively close phylogenetic relationship between this type of flavobacteria and the Cytophaga-Flexibacter group.

Key words

Flexirubin-type pigments Flavobacterium Taxonomy of flavobacteria Chemosystematic markers Flexibacteria 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Achenbach, H., Kohl, W., Reichenbach, H., Kleinig, H.: Zur Struktur des Flexirubins. Tetrahedron Lett. 1974, 2555–2556Google Scholar
  2. Achenbach, H., Kohl, W., Reichenbach, H.: Flexirubin, ein neuartiges Pigment aus Flexibacter elegans. Chem. Ber. 109, 2490–2502 (1976)Google Scholar
  3. Achenbach, H., Kohl, W., Reichenbach, H.: The flexirubin-type pigments—a novel class of natural pigments from gliding bacteria. Rev. Latinoamericana de Quimica 9, 111–124 (1978)Google Scholar
  4. Achenbach, H., Böttger, A., Kohl, W., Fautz, E., Reichenbach, H.: Untersuchungen zur Biogenese des Flexirubins-Herkunft des Benzolrings A und der aromatischen C-Methylgruppen. Phytochem. 18, 961–963 (1979)Google Scholar
  5. Achenbach, H., Kohl, W., Böttger-Vetter, A., Reichenbach, H.: Untersuchungen der Pigmente aus Flavobacterium spec. Stamm C 1/2. Tetrahedron. (in press)Google Scholar
  6. Behrens, H.: Charakterisierung der DNA gleitender Bakterien der Ordnung Cytophagales. Doktordiss., TU Braunschweig 1978Google Scholar
  7. Bergey, D. H., Harrison, F. C., Breed, R. S., Hammer, B. W., Huntoon, F. M.: Bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Comp. 1923Google Scholar
  8. Callies, E., Mannheim, W.: Classification of the Flavobacterium-Cytophaga complex on the basis of respiratory quinones and fumarate respiration. Int. J. Syst. Bact. 28, 14–19 (1978)Google Scholar
  9. Christensen, P. J.: The history, biology, and taxonomy of the Cytophaga group. Can. J. Microbiol. 23, 1599–1653 (1977a)Google Scholar
  10. Christensen, P. J.: Synonymy of Flavobacterium pectinovorum Dorey with Cytophaga johnsonae Stanier. Int. J. Syst. Bact. 27, 122–132 (1977b)Google Scholar
  11. Fautz, E., Reichenbach, H.: Biosynthesis of flexirubin: Incorporation of precursors by the bacterium Flexibacter elegans. Phytochem. 18, 957–959 (1979)Google Scholar
  12. Hayes, P. R.: A taxonomic study of flavobacteria and related Gramnegative yellow pigmented rods. J. Appl. Bact. 43, 345–367 (1977)Google Scholar
  13. Hayes, P. R., Wilcock, A. P. D., Parish, J. D.: Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of flavobacteria and related Gram-negative yellow pigmented rods. J. Appl. Bact. 43, 111–115 (1977)Google Scholar
  14. Hirsch, I.: Beiträge zur Taxonomie der Cytophagales auf Grund morphologischer und stoffwechselphysiologischer Eigenschaften. Doktordiss., TU Braunschweig 1980Google Scholar
  15. Irschik, H., Reichenbach, H.: Intracellular location of flexirubins in Flexibacter elegans (Cytophagales). Biochim. Biophys. Acta 510, 1–10 (1978)Google Scholar
  16. Kleinig, H.: Membranes from Myxococcus fulvus (Myxobacterales) containing carotenoid glucosides. I. Isolation and composition. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 274, 489–498 (1972)Google Scholar
  17. Kleinig, H., Reichenbach, H., Theobald, N., Achenbach, H.: Flexibacter elegans and Myxococcus fulvus: aerobic Gramnegative bacteria containing menaquinones as the only isoprenoid quinones. Arch. Microbiol. 101, 91–93 (1974)Google Scholar
  18. Kleinig, H., Reichenbach, H.: Carotenoid glucosides and menaquinones from the gliding bacterium Herpetosiphon giganteus Hp a2. Arch. Microbiol. 112, 307–310 (1977)Google Scholar
  19. Lewin, R. A.: A classification of flexibacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 58, 189–206 (1969)Google Scholar
  20. Mandel, M., Lewin, R. A.: Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of flexibacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 58, 171–178 (1969)Google Scholar
  21. McMeekin, T. A., Patterson, J. T., Murray, J. G.: An initial approach to the taxonomy of some Gram negative yellow pigmented rods. J. Appl. Bact. 34, 699–716 (1971)Google Scholar
  22. McMeekin, T. A., Stewart, D. B., Murray, J. G.: The Adansonian taxonomy and the deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of some Gram negative, yellow pigmented rods. J. Appl. Bact. 35, 129–137 (1972)Google Scholar
  23. Owen, R. J., Snell, J. J. S.: Deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation in the classification of flavobacteria. J. Gen. Microbiol. 93, 89–102 (1976)Google Scholar
  24. Reichenbach, H., Kleinig, H., Achenbach, H.: The pigments of Flexibacter elegans: novel and chemosystematically useful compounds. Arch. Microbiol. 101, 134–144 (1974)Google Scholar
  25. Weeks, O. B.: Genus Flavobacterium Bergey et al., 1923, 97. In: Bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th Ed. (R. E. Buchanan, N. E. Gibbons, eds.), pp. 357–364. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Comp. 1974Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Reichenbach
    • 1
  • W. Kohl
    • 2
  • Angelika Böttger-Vetter
    • 2
  • H. Achenbach
    • 2
  1. 1.Gesellschaft für Biotechnologische ForschungBraunschweig-Stöckheim
  2. 2.Chemisches Laboratorium der UniversitätFreiburgFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations