Advertisement

Archiv für Mikrobiologie

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 147–155 | Cite as

A proposal for the transfer of Streptomyces mediterranei margalith and beretta 1960 to the genus Nocardia as Nocardia mediterranea (margalith and beretta) Comb. Nov.

  • J. E. Thiemann
  • G. Zucco
  • G. Pelizza
Article

Summary

Cell-wall preparations of Streptomyces mediterranei ATCC 13685 and some of its phage resistant mutants contain only the meso isomer of the diaminopimelic acid. Arabinose was found to be always present in the hydrolysates. Based on studies of the cell-wall composition it is shown that S. mediterranei does belong to the genus Nocardia and its transfer to this genus is proposed.

Keywords

Streptomyces Meso Arabinose Resistant Mutant Nocardia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arai, T., S. Kuroda, and Y. Koyama: Infrared absorption spectra of whole cells of Nocardia and related organisms. J. gen. appl. Microbiol. (Tokyo) 9, 119–136 (1963).Google Scholar
  2. Becker, B., M. P. Lechevalier, R. E. Gordon, and H. A. Lechevalier: Rapid differentiation between Nocardia and Streptomyces by paper chromatography of whole-cell hydrolysates. Appl. Microbiol. 12, 421–423 (1964).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. ——: Chemical composition of cell-wall preparations from strains of various form genera of aerobic actinomycetes. Appl. Microbiol. 13, 236–243 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. 7th Ed. by R. S. Breed, E. G. Murray and N. R. Smith. Baltimore: The Williams and Wilkins Co. 1957.Google Scholar
  5. Bowman, T., and A. R. Weinhold: Serological relationships of the potato scab organism and other species of Streptomyces. Nature (Lond.) 200, 599–600 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bradley, S. G.: Protoplasts of Streptomyces griseus and Nocardia paraguayensis. J. Bact. 77, 115–116 (1959).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Brenner, M., and A. Niederwieser: Dünnschicht-Chromatographie von Aminosäuren. Experientia (Basel) 16, 378–383 (1960).Google Scholar
  8. Colombo, P., D. Corbetta, A. Pirotta, G. Ruffini, and A. Sartori: A solvent for qualitative and quantitative determination of sugars using paper chromatography. J. Chromatogr. 3, 343–350 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cross, T., and D. F. Spooner: Serological identification of streptomycetes by agar gel diffusion techniques. J. gen. Microbiol. 33, 275–282 (1963).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Cummins, C. S., and H. Harris: Studies on the cell-wall composition and taxonomy of Actinomycetales and related groups. J. gen. Microbiol. 18, 173–189 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Frontali, C., L. R. Hill, and L. Silvestri: The base composition of deoxyribonucleic acids of Streptomyces. J. gen. Microbiol. 38, 243–250 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gordon R. E., and J. M. Mihm: Sporulation by two strains of Nocardia asteroides. J. Bact. 75, 239–240 (1958).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. —: Proposed group of characters for the separation of Streptomyces and Nocardia. J. Bact. 69, 147–150 (1955).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hoare, D. S., and E. Work: The stereoisomers of α,ɛ-diaminopimelic acid. 2. Their distribution in the bacterial order Actinomycetales and in certain Eubacteriales. Biochem. J. 65, 441–447 (1957).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Lechevalier A. H., et M. P. Lechevalier: Classification des actinomycètes aérobies basée sur leur morphologie et leur composition chimique. Ann. Inst. Pasteur 108, 662–673 (1965).Google Scholar
  16. —: Biology of Actinomycetes. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 21, 71–100 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. —, M. Solotorovsky, and C. I. McDurmont: A new genus of the Actinomycetales: Micropolyspora gen. nov. J. gen. Microbiol. 26, 11–18 (1961).Google Scholar
  18. Margalith, P., and G. Beretta: Rifomycin XI. Taxonomic study on Streptomyces mediterranei nov. sp. Mycopathologia (Den Haag) 13, 321–330 (1960).Google Scholar
  19. —: Rifomycin XIII. Fermentation and production of rifomycin complex. Appl. Microbiol. 9, 320–324 (1961).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Moffat, E. D., and R. I. Lytle: Polychromatic technique for the identification of amino acids on paper chromatograms. Analyt. Chem. 31, 926–928 (1959).Google Scholar
  21. Prauser, H.: DAP-freie, gelbe Actinomyceten mit Tendenz zur Beweglichkeit. Z. allg. Mikrobiol. 7, 81–83 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Primosigh, J., H. Pelzer, D. Maass, and W. Weidel: Chemical characterization of mucopeptides released from the E. coli B cell wall by enzymic action. Biochim. biophys. Acta (Amst.) 46, 68–80 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rhuland, L. E., E. Work, R. F. Deuman, and D. S. Hoare: The behavior of the isomers of α,ɛ-diaminopimelic acid on paper chromatograms. J. Amer. chem. Soc. 77, 4844–4846 (1966).Google Scholar
  24. Romano, A. H., and A. Sohler: Biochemistry of the Actinomycetales II. A comparison of the cell-wall composition of species of the genera Streptomyces and Nocardia. J. Bact. 72, 865–868 (1956).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Smith, I.: Chromatographic and Electrophoretic Technics, Vol. I, p. 252. New York; Intersci. Publ. Inc. 1960.Google Scholar
  26. Suput, J., M. P. Lechevalier, and H. A. Lechevalier: Chemical composition of variants of aerobic actinomycetes. Appl. Microbiol. 15, 1356–1361 (1967).Google Scholar
  27. Tewfik, E. M., and S. G. Bradley: Characterization of Deoxyribonucleic acids from streptomycetes and nocardiae. J. Bact. 94, 1994–2000 (1967).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Thiemann, J. E., C. Hengeller, and A. Virgillio: Rifomycin XXV. A group of actinophages active on Streptomyces mediterranei. Nature (Lond.) 193, 1104–1105 (1962).Google Scholar
  29. Waksman, S. A., and A. T. Henrici: The nomenclature and classification of the actinomycetes. J. Bact. 46, 337–341 (1943).Google Scholar
  30. Yamaguchi, T.: Comparison of the cell-wall composition of morphologically distinct Actinomycetes. J. Bact. 89, 444–453 (1965).PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. E. Thiemann
    • 1
  • G. Zucco
    • 1
  • G. Pelizza
    • 1
  1. 1.Research LaboratoriesLepetit S.p.A.MilanItaly

Personalised recommendations