Marine Biology

, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 79–88 | Cite as

Effects of salinity on the net uptake of zinc by the common mussel Mytilus edulis

  • D. J. H. Phillips


The net uptake of zinc by the common mussel Mytilus edulis (L.) has been investigated under different natural and artificial salinity stresses. The effects of stable and fluctuating salinities on the uptake of zinc by the mussel are discussed in terms of three possible modes of action. Under certain highly-stressful conditions, salinity may affect the uptake of zinc by the mussel. This factor should be considered when the mussel is used as an indicator of environmental pollution by zinc in estuarine areas, or spurious conclusions may result.


Zinc Environmental Pollution Salinity Stress Mytilus Edulis Estuarine Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bøhle, B.: Effects of adaptation to reduced salinity on filtration activity and growth of mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 10, 41–47 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bryan, G.W.: The effects of heavy metals (other than mercury) on marine and estuarine organisms. Proc. R. Soc. (Ser. B) 177, 389–410 (1971)Google Scholar
  3. — and L.G. Hummerstone: Brown seaweed as an indicator of heavy metals in estuaries in South-West England. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 53, 705–720 (1973a)Google Scholar
  4. —: Adaptation of the polychaete Nereis diversicolor to manganese in estuarine sediments. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 53, 859–872 (1973b)Google Scholar
  5. Coleman, N.: Water loss from aerially exposed mussels. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 12 145–155 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cotter, A.J., D.J.H. Phillips and M. Ahsanullah: The combined effects of zinc and salinity fluctuation on the thermal tolerance of the common mussel Mytilus edulis. (In preparation)Google Scholar
  7. Gilles, R.: Osmoregulation in three molluscs: Acanthochitona discrepans (Brown), Glycymeris glycymeris (L.) and Mytilus edulis (L.). Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 142, 25–35 (1972)Google Scholar
  8. Ghiretti, F.: Respiration. In: Physiology of Mollusca, Vol. 2. pp 175–208. Ed. by K.M. Wilbur and C.M. Yonge. New York & London: Academic Press 1966Google Scholar
  9. Ireland, M.P.: Result of fluvial zinc pollution on the zinc content of littoral and sublittoral organisms in Cardigan Bay, Wales. Envir. Pollut. 4, 27–35 (1973)Google Scholar
  10. Lange, R.: The relation between the oxygen consumption of isolated gill tissue of the common mussel, Mytilus edulis L. and salinity. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 2, 37–45 (1968)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Myers, V.B., R.L. Iverson and R.C. Harriss: The effect of salinity and dissolved organic matter on surface charge characteristics of some euryhaline phytoplankton. J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 17, 59–68 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nickless, G., R. Stenner and N. Terrille: Distribution of cadmium, lead and zinc in the Bristol Channel, Mar. Pollut. Bull. 3, 188–190 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. O'Hara, J.: Cadmium uptake by fiddler crabs exposed to temperature and salinity stress. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can. 30, 846–848 (1973)Google Scholar
  14. Pentreath, R.J.: The accumulation from water of Zn65, Mn54, Co58 and Fe59 by the mussel, Mytilus edulis. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 53, 127–143 (1973)Google Scholar
  15. Phillips, D.J.H.: The common mussel Mytilus edulis as an indicator of pollution by zinc, cadmium, lead and copper. I. Effects of environmental variables on uptake of metals. Mar. Biol. 38, 59–69 (1976a)Google Scholar
  16. —: The common mussel Mytilus edulis as an indicator of pollution by zinc, cadmium, lead and copper. II. Relationship of metals in the mussel to those discharged by industry. Mar. Biol. 38, 71–80 (1976b)Google Scholar
  17. Pierce, S.K. Jr.: The water balance of Modiolus (Mollusca: Bivalvia: Mytilidae): osmotic concentrations in changing salinities. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 36, 521–533 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. —: A source of solute for volume regulation in marine mussels. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 39A, 619–635 (1971a)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. —: Volume regulation and valve movements by marine mussels, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 39A, 103–117 (1971b)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Preston, E.M.: The importance of ingestion in chromium-51 accumulation by Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin). J. exp. mar. Biol. Ecol. 6, 47–54 (1971)Google Scholar
  21. Romeril, M.G.: The uptake and distribution of Zn65 in oysters. Mar. Biol. 9, 347–354 (1971)Google Scholar
  22. Schulz-Baldes, M.: Die Miesmuschel Mytilus edulis als Indikator für die Bleikonzentration im Weserästuar und in der Deutschen Bucht. Mar. Biol. 21, 98–102 (1973)Google Scholar
  23. —: Lead uptake from seawater and food, and lead loss in the common mussel Mytilus edulis. Mar. Biol. 25, 177–193 (1974)Google Scholar
  24. Scott, D.M. and C.W. Major: The effect of copper (II) on survival, respiration and heart rate in the common blue mussel, Mytilus edulis. Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab., Woods Hole 143, 679–688 (1972)Google Scholar
  25. SECV Civil and Architectural Department Records, 1973–1975: Available from the State Electricity Commission of Victoria, Melbourne 3000, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  26. Snedecor, G.W. and A.R. Cochran: Statistical methods, 248 pp. Iowa: Iowa University Press 1967Google Scholar
  27. Stenner, R.D. and G. Nickless Distribution of some heavy metals in organisms in Hardangerfjord and Skjerstadfjord, Norway. Wat. Air Soil Pollut. 3, 279–291 (1974)Google Scholar
  28. Styron, C.E., T.M. Hagan, D.R. Campbell J. Harvin, N.K. Whittenburg, G.A. Baughman, M.E. Bransford, W.H. Saunders, D.C. Williams, C. Woodle, N.K. Dixon and C.R. McNeill: Effects of temperature and salinity on growth and uptake of Zn65 and Cs137 for six marine algae. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K. 56, 13–20 (1976)Google Scholar
  29. Western Port Bay Environmental Study Records, 1973–1975: Available from WPBES Head Office, 240, Victoria Parade, Melbourne 3000, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  30. Wolfe, D.A. and C.B. Coburn: Influence of salinity and temperature on the accumulation of cesium-137 by an estuarine clam under laboratory conditions. Hlth Phys. 18, 499–505 (1970)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. H. Phillips
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentUniversity of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Institute of ZoologyUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations