, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 631–632 | Cite as

Secondary pollen carryover by ants in a natural population of Scleranthus perennis (Caryophyllaceae)

  • L. Svensson
Short Communication


Secondary pollen carryover is defined as the process whereby a pollinator receives previously deposited pollen grains when visiting a flower and transfers them into a new (secondary) carryover sequence. The secondary pollen carryover in a system of ants, Formica rufibarbis, visiting Scleranthus perennis (Caryophyllaceae) was studied using fluorescent dyes as pollen analogues. The mean secondary carryover was found to be 1.2 flowers compared with 4.5 flowers for the primary carryover. The number of dye grains deposited per flower visited is lower and the frequency of zero deposition is higher in the secondary carryover sequence than in the primary.

Key words

Pollination Ant Pollen carryover Pollen flow 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Svensson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Systematic BotanyUniversity of LundLundSweden

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