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Oecologia

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 284–288 | Cite as

Feeding ecology of the tropical spitting spider Scytodes longipes (Araneae, Scytodidae)

  • Wolfgang Nentwig
Original Papers

Summary

Feeding experiments and prey collections in Panama have shown the tropical spitting spider Scytodes longipes to be a specialized feeder on soft-chitinized arthropods (Diptera, Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Orthopteroidea, and Araneae); hard-chitinized insects (Hymenoptera, Coleoptera, and Heteroptera) are refused. There is a considerable specialisation on spiders as prey. The unique prey-catching behaviour in which a gummy secretion is spat onto prey items is considered as an important characteristic of this specialisation. Pholcus phalangioides, a pholcid with convergent morphology and a different specialised prey-catching behaviour, is discussed as an ecological equivalent to Scytodes longipes.

Keywords

Prey Item Feeding Experiment Feeding Ecology Specialized Feeder Considerable Specialisation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Nentwig
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich BiologieUniversität/LahnbergeMarburgFederal Republic of Germany

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