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In defense of trait-and-factor theory


Trait-and-factor theory occupies a less than exalted position among theories of career development. It is frequently dismissed by critics as a relic of the Parsons Age of vocational guidance. It is common for career development theorists to begin their writings with a short description of trait-and-factor theory and techniques as a point of departure for their ‘different’ approaches. Yet, when one examines these so-called different approaches, one sees career counseling practices that look suspiciously like trait-and-factor derivatives.

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O'Shea, A.J. In defense of trait-and-factor theory. Int J Adv Counselling 7, 285–288 (1984).

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  • Development Theorist
  • Career Development
  • Short Description
  • Career Counseling
  • Counseling Practice