Oecologia

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 251–256 | Cite as

Life history variation among low-arctic clones of obligately parthenogenetic Daphnia pulex: a diploid-polyploid complex

  • L. J. Weider
Original Papers

Summary

Laboratory life table experiments were conducted using nine clones of obligately parthenogenetic Daphnia pulex that were collected from a site in the Canadian low-arctic. Two of the nine clones were diploids, while the other seven clones were polyploids. Significant clonal differences in age at first reproduction, size at first reproduction, number of offspring in each of the first three broods, offsrring sizes for the first two broods, and intrinsic rates of natural increase were detected. Differences in life histories were evident between polyploids and diploids. Generally, polyploid clones reached maturity at later ages, matured at larger sizes, produced smaller broods, and larger offspring than the diploid clones. The data are discussed in reference to potential biotic (i.e. invertebrate predation) and abiotic factors (i.e. physicochemical gradients) that may influence life history variation in this clonal assemblage.

Key words

Life histories Polyploidy Parthenogenetic Daphnia Clones Arctic 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. J. Weider
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada

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