The effect of simulated acid rain on performance of the aphid Euceraphis betulae (Koch) on silver birch

Summary

The effect of artificial acid rain on the reproduction and survival of the aphid Euceraphis betulae on silver birch was studied in Turku, southern Finland. Eight bioassays were done during 1984–1986. In four of the bioassays the aphids produced 40% to over 100% more progeny on birches watered with dilute sulphuric acid (pH 3.5) than on control trees. In four other cases the performance of aphids did not differ between the treatments. An index of aphid reproduction pooled over the whole study was significantly higher on acid-treated than on control birches. The reproduction of aphids on acid-treated birches was enhanced when precipitation was below long term average, suggesting an interaction between the stress caused by acid treatment and dry periods.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Alstad DN, Edmunds GF Jr, Weinstein LH (1982) Effects of air pollutants on insect populations. Ann Rev Entomol 27:369–384

    Google Scholar 

  2. Barannik AP (1979) Ecological faunistic characteristics of dendrophilous entomofauna of green plantings in industrial cities of Kemerovo province. Soviet J Ecol 10:56–59

    Google Scholar 

  3. Braun S, Flückiger W (1984) Increased population of the aphid Aphis pomi at a motorway: Part 1 — Field evaluation. Environ Pollut (Ser A) 33:107–120

    Google Scholar 

  4. Braun S, Flückiger W (1985) Increased population of the aphid Aphis pomi at a motorway: Part III — The effect of exhaust gases. Environ Pollut (Ser A) 39:183–192

    Google Scholar 

  5. Dohmen GP (1985) Secondary effects of air pollution: Enhanced aphid growth. Environ Pollut (Ser A) 39:227–234

    Google Scholar 

  6. Dohmen GP, McNeill S, Bell JN (1984) Air pollution increases Aphis fabae pest potential. Nature 307:52–53

    Google Scholar 

  7. Führer E (1985) Air pollution and the incidence of forest insect problems. Z ang Ent 99:371–377

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hajek AE, Dahlsten DL (1986) Coexistence of three species of leaf-feeding aphids (Homoptera) on Betula pendula. Oecologia (Berlin) 68:380–386

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hari P, Raunemaa T (1985) The effect of changes in atmospheric composition on forest growth in Finland. In: Symposium on the Effects of Air Pollution on forest and Water Ecosystems Helsinki April 23–24, 1985. The Foundation for Research of Natural Resources in Finland, Lahti, pp 17–23

    Google Scholar 

  10. Heliövaara K, Terho E, Koponen M (1982) Parasitism in the eggs of the pine bark-bug, Aradus cinnamomeus (Heteroptera, Aradidae). Ann Ent Fenn 48:31–32

    Google Scholar 

  11. Hughes PR, Potter JH, Weinstein LH (1981) Effects of air pollution on plant-insect interactions: Reactions of the Mexican bean beetle to SO2-fumigated Pinto beans. Environ Entomol 10:741–744

    Google Scholar 

  12. Hurlbert SH (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecol Monogr 54:187–211

    Google Scholar 

  13. Jeffords MR, Endress AG (1984) Possible role of ozone in tree defoliation by the Gypsy Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Environ Entomol 13:1249–1252

    Google Scholar 

  14. Kulmala A (1985) Air quality in Finland. In: Symposium on the Effects of Air Pollution on forest and Water Ecosystems Helsinki April 23–24, 1985. The Foundation for Research of Natural Resources in Finland, Lahti, pp 3–15

    Google Scholar 

  15. Matzner E (1985) Effect of acid precipitation on soils-principles demonstrated in two forest ecosystems of North Germany. In: Symposium on the Effects of Air Pollution on forest and Water Ecosystems Helsinki April 23–24, 1985. The Foundation for Research of Natural Resources in Finland, Lahti, pp 47–56

    Google Scholar 

  16. Morrison IK (1984) Acid rain. A review of literature on acid deposition effects in forest ecosystems. Forestry Abstracts 45:483–506

    Google Scholar 

  17. Neuvonen S, Haukioja E (1985) How to study induced plant resistance? Oecologia (Berlin) 66:456–457

    Google Scholar 

  18. Port GR (1981) Auchenorrhyncha on roadside verges. A preliminary survey. Acta Entomol Fennica 38:29–30

    Google Scholar 

  19. Sierpinski Z (1984) Über den Einfluß von Luftverunreinigungen auf Schadinsekten in polnischen Nadelbaumbeständen. Forstwiss Centralbl 103:83–91

    Google Scholar 

  20. Ulrich B (1983) A concept of forest ecosystem stability and of acid deposition as driving force for destabilization. In: Ulrich B, Pankrath J (eds). Effects of Accumulation of Air Pollutants in Forest Ecosystems. D Reidel Publ Comp, Dordrecht pp 1–29

    Google Scholar 

  21. Ulrich B (1984) Effects of air pollution on forest ecosystems and waters — the principles demonstrated at a case study in central Europe. Atmosph Environ 18:621–628

    Google Scholar 

  22. Ulrich B, Matzner E (1983) Ökosystemare Wirkungsketten beim Wald-und Baumsterben. Forst Holzwirt 38:468–474

    Google Scholar 

  23. Villemant C (1980) Influence de la pollution atmospherique sur les microlepidopteres du pin en foret de Roumare (Seine-Maritime). Acta Oecologia Oecol Applic 1:291–306

    Google Scholar 

  24. Villemant C (1981) Influence de la pollution atmospherique sur les populations d'aphides du pin sylvestre en foret de Roumare (Seine-Maritime). Environ Pollut (Ser A) 24:245–263

    Google Scholar 

  25. White TCR (1984) The abundance of invertebrate herbivores in relation to the availability of nitrogen in stressed food plants. Oecologia (Berlin) 63:90–105

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. Neuvonen.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Neuvonen, S., Lindgren, M. The effect of simulated acid rain on performance of the aphid Euceraphis betulae (Koch) on silver birch. Oecologia 74, 77–80 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00377348

Download citation

Key words

  • Betula
  • Euceraphis
  • Acid rain
  • Experimental study
  • Plant resistance