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Pflügers Archiv

, Volume 431, Issue 1, pp 20–27 | Cite as

Protection against hypoxic injury of rat proximal tubules by felodipine via a calcium-independent mechanism

  • S. M. A. Peters
  • M. J. H. Tijsen
  • R. J. M. Bindels
  • C. H. van Os
  • J. F. M. Wetzels
Original Article Molecular and Cellular Physiology

Abstract

Most evidence for a key role of calcium entry in hypoxia-induced renal damage stems from studies with calcium channel blockers. In proximal tubules, a primary site of renal ischaemic injury, only phenylalkylamines, especially verapamil, have been studied. In the present study the effect of the dihydropyridine felodipine on hypoxic injury in isolated rat proximal tubules was investigated. To discriminate between the block of calcium entry and other effects, the enantiomers and a non-calcium blocking derivative of felodipine (H186/86) were included. Cell membrane injury was assessed by measuring the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). At high concentrations (100 μM) felodipine, H186/86 and the two enantiomers all protected rat proximal tubules against hypoxiainduced injury to the same extent. Absence of extracellular calcium did not offer protection, but rather enhanced hypoxic injury. All dihydropyridines used increased the intracellular potassium concentration during normoxia. Felodipine attenuated the hypoxiainduced loss of cellular potassium. We have tried to mimic the effects of felodipine by using potassium channel blockers. The potassium channel blockers quinidine and glibenclamide afforded some protection against hypoxic injury, although their effects on cellular potassium were equivocal. We conclude that the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker felodipine protects rat proximal tubules against hypoxic injury via a calcium-independent mechanism. We propose that high levels of intracellular potassium and attenuation of potassium loss during hypoxia are important in this protection.

Key words

Ischaemia Calcium channel blocker potassium channels 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. A. Peters
    • 1
  • M. J. H. Tijsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. J. M. Bindels
    • 2
  • C. H. van Os
    • 2
  • J. F. M. Wetzels
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NephrologyUniversity Hospital NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Cell PhysiologyUniversity of NijmegenHB NijmegenThe Netherlands

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