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Strengthening the pelvic floor with Kegel exercises

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Pelvic floor exercises (PFE) have become a standard nursing intervention, both to prevent as well as to treat incontinence. A review of the literature shows great variety in the protocols for performing PFE, and inconsistent use of perineometers, palpation tests, or other biofeedback devices. Results are difficult to compare because of methodological inconsistencies. Suggestions for further research are included.

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Pierson, C.A. Strengthening the pelvic floor with Kegel exercises. Int Urogynecol J 1, 59–61 (1990).

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