, Volume 101, Issue 4, pp 245–251 | Cite as

Histone genes are located at the sphere loci of Xenopus lampbrush chromosomes

  • Harold G. Callan
  • Joseph G. Gall
  • Christine Murphy
Original Articles


In the anuran Xenopus, as has been demonstrated previously in several species of urodele Amphibia, histone genes lie at the sphere organizer loci of the lampbrush chromosomes. They were located by in situ hybridization of a 3H-labelled histone H4 anti-sense cRNA probe applied to lampbrush preparations in which transcript RNA had been retained, and likewise to preparations in which transcripts were absent but whose DNA had been denatured prior to hybridization. In Xenopus the histone genes lie in intimate association with the spheres that are attached to the lampbrush chromosomes, but they are absent from spheres that lie free in the germinal vesicle. The Anura separated from the Urodela several hundred million years ago, so the sphere organizer/histone gene association is of great antiquity. This suggests that the association has a functional significance, though it is one that has yet to be discovered.


Germinal Developmental Biology Functional Significance Organizer Locus Gene Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold G. Callan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph G. Gall
    • 1
  • Christine Murphy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EmbryologyCarnegie InstitutionBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Gatty Marine LaboratoryUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. AndrewsUK

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