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Micropuncture studies on the filtration rate of single superficial and juxtamedullary glomeruli in the rat kidney

Summary

Single nephron filtration rates of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons were determined in high and low sodium rats. Single nephron GFR was calculated from TF/P inulin and tubular flow rate in superficial nephrons and single juxtamedullary GFR from corresponding data in long loops of Henle. In low sodium rats superficial nephron GFR was 23.5±6.4 (SD)×10−6 ml/min×g KW, juxtamedullary nephron GFR was 58.2±13.6 and total kidney GFR (C In) was 0.94±0.16 ml/min×g KW. Using these single nephron values, total kidney GFR and a total number of 30,000 glomeruli per kidney, the number of superficial and juxtamedullary glomeruli was calculated to be 23,267 and 6,733, respectively. During high sodium diet superficial nephron GFR increased to 38.1±11.3 and single juxtamedullary GFR decreased to 16.5±6.6, total kidney GFR increasing to 1.01±0.24. Calculation again revealed the same distribution of the two nephron types. End-proximal TF/P inulin in superficial nephrons was 2.36±0.36 in low sodium and 2.31±0.28 in high sodium rats. Loops of Henle TF/P inulin and intratubular flow rate were inversely related: the highest TF/P inulin values and lowest intratubular flow rates were found in the descending limb. These data quantify the distribution of superficial and juxtamedullary nephrons on a functional basis and suggest a mechanism by which the kidney adjusts sodium excretion by altering the contribution of each nephron type to total kidney GFR.

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Supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the U.S. Department of the Army, through its European Research Office.

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Horster, M., Thurau, K. Micropuncture studies on the filtration rate of single superficial and juxtamedullary glomeruli in the rat kidney. Pflügers Arch 301, 162–181 (1968). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00362733

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00362733

Key-Words

  • Single Nephron Filtration Rate
  • Juxtamedullary Nephron Function
  • High and Low Sodium Diet
  • Proximal Tubular Reabsorption
  • Flow Rate in Long Loops of Henle

Schlüsselwörter

  • Einzelnephronfiltrat
  • Juxtamedulläre Nephronfunktion
  • Hohe und niedrige Kochsalzdiät
  • Resorption im proximalen Konvolut
  • Stromstärke in langer Henle'scher Schleife