Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 13, pp 3463–3466 | Cite as

A melt process to superconductive fibres of Bi2Sr2CaCu2 oxide

  • C. -H. Hsu
  • J. D. Cohen
  • K. G. Lloyd
  • R. F. Tietz


A particulate precursor of superconductive Bi2Sr2CaCu2 oxide dispersed in an aqueous poly(vinyl alcohol) solution, was shaped into fibres. The fibres fired at a Tmax of 850 °C were very porous. Although they exhibited a Meissner on-set transition at 85 K, electrical resistance at 0.02 Acm−2 at 77 K was still not zero. Exposing the porous fibres to a temperature slightly above their melting point densified them. The treated fibres had a sharp Meissner transition and could carry critical current (Jc) as high as 331 A cm−2 at 77 K. They were also more resistant to the effect of a magnetic field than the fibre fired at 850 °C. Eighty percent of the treated fibre was found to be the superconductive 2 2 1 2 phase.


Oxide Polymer Alcohol Magnetic Field Melting Point 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. -H. Hsu
    • 1
  • J. D. Cohen
    • 1
  • K. G. Lloyd
    • 1
  • R. F. Tietz
    • 1
  1. 1.Experimental StationE.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc.WilmingtonUSA

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