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Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten

, Volume 229, Issue 3, pp 189–204 | Cite as

Verlustereignisse in der Kindheit als prädisponierende Faktoren für neurotische und psychotische Depressionen

  • Paul Matussek
  • Ulrike May
Article
  • 94 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

90 endogen depressive, 38 neurotisch depressive Patienten und 41 Kontrollpersonen im Alter zwischen 47 und 67 Jahren wurden mit halbstrukturierten Interviews nach Verlusterlebnissen in der Kindheit befragt:

1. Endogen und neurotisch depressive Patienten sowie Kontrollpersonen sind in der Kindheit gleich häufig von Todesfällen und Trennungen betroffen. 2. Depressive Patienten, die nach dem 41. Lebensjahr zum ersten Mal erkranken, werden in der Kindheit ebenso häufig von den Eltern getrennt wie Kontrollpersonen. Bei Patienten mit einer Ersterkrankung vor dem 41. Lebensjahr kommen Trennungen von den Eltern jedoch häufiger vor als bei Kontrollpersonen. 3. Innerhalb der depressiven Patientengruppe gilt: Patienten mit früher Ersterkrankung verlieren den Vater häufiger als solche mit später Ersterkrankung, Patienten mit mehrmaligen Depressionen häufiger als solche mit einer erstmaligen depressiven Erkrankung.

Schlüsselwörter

Verlustereignisse Kindheit Depression 

Loss events in childhood as predisposing factors for neurotic and psychotic depression

Summary

In a semistructured interview 90 endogenous depressives, 38 neurotic depressive patients, and 41 controls, 47–67 years of age, were questioned to ascertain the loss events during childhood.

1. The endogenous depressives, the neurotic depressive patients, and the control group had experienced an equal amount of deaths and separations in their childhood. 2. The depressive patients who first became ill after their 41st year of life were as frequently separated from their parents during childhood as the control group. Patients who had first become ill before their 41st year of life had experienced a separation from their parents more frequently than the control group. 3. Within the depressive patient group the following applies: Patients with illnesses before the age of 40 had lost their father earlier than those who became ill after 40; likewise, patients who were ill two and more times had more frequently experienced the loss of a father than those who were depressively ill only once.

Key words

Loss events Childhood Depression 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Matussek
    • 1
  • Ulrike May
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsstelle für Psychopathologie und Psychotherapie in der Max-Planck-GesellschaftMünchen 40Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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