, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 44–48 | Cite as

Brain damage in former association football players

An evaluation by cerebral computed tomography
  • O. Sortland
  • A. T. Tysvaer


Thirty-three former football players from the National Football Team of Norway were examined by cerebral computer tomography (CT). The CT studies, evaluated for brain atrophy, visually and by linear measurements compared two different normal materials. One third of the players were found to have central cerebral atrophy. It is concluded that the atrophy probably was caused by repeated small head injuries during the football play, mainly in connection with heading the ball.

Key words

Association football Minor head trauma Computed tomography Cerebral central and cortical atrophy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Sortland
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. T. Tysvaer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Section of NeuroradiologyNational Hospital, University ClinicOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryNational Hospital, University ClinicOsloNorway
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyAkershus Central HospitalNordbyhagenNorway

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