Biology and Fertility of Soils

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 93–94 | Cite as

Voucher specimens: A way to protect the value of your research

  • N. A. Martin


Voucher specimens ensure that the identity of organisms studied in the field or in laboratory experiments can be verified, and ensure that new species concepts can be applied to past research. Guidelines on the collection, preparation, and deposition of voucher specimens and means of referral to them are given. Type specimens and the nomenclature of species names are briefly described.

Key words

Voucher specimens Biology Ecology Taxonomy Soil animals Soil biologist 


  1. Lincoln EJ, Sheals JG (1979) Invertebrate animals: Collection and preservation. British Museum (Natural History), LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. ICBN (1988) International Code of Botanical Nomenclature adopted by the Fourteenth International Botanical Congress, Berlin, July–August 1987. International Association for Plant Taxonomy 118, Königstein, KoeltzGoogle Scholar
  3. ICNB (1976) International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria and Statutes of the International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Section of the International Association for Microbiological Societies. Am Soc Microbiol, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  4. ICZN (1985) International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 3rd edn, adopted by the XX General Assembly of the International Union of Biological Sciences. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, University of California Press, Berkeley, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  5. Martin NA (1977) Guide to the lumbricid earthworms of New Zealand pastures. NZJ Exp Agric 5:301–309Google Scholar
  6. Martin NA (1988) How do you define species? A practical taxonomic problem for economically important earthworms NZJ Zool 15:453–454Google Scholar
  7. Sims RW, Gerard BM (1985) Earthworms: Keys and notes for the identification and study of the species. Synopses of the British Fauna (new series) no 31, EJ Brill/Dr W Backhuys LondonGoogle Scholar
  8. Yoshimoto CM (1978) Voucher specimens for entomology in North America. Bull Entomol Soc Am 24:141–142Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Martin
    • 1
  1. 1.Entomology DivisionDSIRAucklandNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations