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Does functional alteration of the gonadotropic axis occur in endurance trained athletes during and after exercise?

A preliminary study
  • M. Duclos
  • J. B. Corcuff
  • M. Rashedi
  • V. Fougere
  • G. Manier
Original Article

Abstract

In men, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis controls the secretion of testosterone which, in this sex, is a major anabolic hormone. Physical exercise modulates testosterone concentration, affecting the whole axis by poorly understood mechanisms. We have reported in this preliminary study the short and longterm effects of exercise on the function of the gonadotropic axis in trained compared to untrained subjects. Environmental factors known to interfere with pituitary function were minimized. Four marathon and four sedentary men, were studied during 5 days successively using different combinations of two factors: duration and intensity of running tests. Day 0 (DO) was a rest day, and the exercises were: D1 and D2 brief (20 min), light (50% maximal heart rate, HRmax, D1) or intense (80% HRmax, D2), D3 and D4 prolonged (120 min) and light (50% HRmax, D3) or intense (80% HRmax, D4). Testosterone (free and total) and luteinizing hormone (LH) concentrations were measured before, during and after exercise. The baseline concentrations of plasma testosterone were lower in the long distance runners than in the sedentary group [41.8 (SEM 5.5) vs 64.5 (SEM 7.9) pmol · 1−1, respectively;P < 0.05]. This phenomenon was centrally mediated as LH concentration was apparentlyinappropriately low [3.4 (SEM 0.4) vs 4.3 (SEM 1.0) UI · 1−1;P > 0.05]. Light to moderate exercise did not modify testosterone and LH concentrations. Conversely, intense and prolonged exercise increased testosterone concentration [73.2 (SEM 9.0) vs 92 (SEM 11.0) pmol · 1−1 in the long distance runners and sedentary group, respectively;P < 0.05] and lowered LH concentrations [2.1 (SEM 0.3) vs 3.4 (SEM 0.3) UI · 1−1 in the long distance runners and sedentary group, respectively;P <0.05 compared to DO, at the same time]. In our conditions of exercise, negative feedback of testosterone upon LH persisted, as positive feedback of low testosterone concentrations was apparently lacking (inappropriately low LH concentration with regard to low basal testosterone concentration).

Key words

Plasma testosterone Luteinizing hormone Exercise Recovery Endurance training 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Duclos
    • 1
  • J. B. Corcuff
    • 2
  • M. Rashedi
    • 3
  • V. Fougere
    • 3
  • G. Manier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire Performance Sportive et Santé, Faculté des Sciences du SportUniversité de Bordeaux 11TalenceFrance
  2. 2.Service d'EndocrinologieHôpital du Haut-LévêquePessacFrance
  3. 3.Service de Médecine NucléaireHôpital du Haut-LévêquePessacFrance

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