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Studies with the dioecious angiosperm Mercurialis annua L. (2n=16): Correlation between genic and cytoplasmic male sterility, sex segregation and feminizing hormones (cytokinins)

Summary

Male sterility in M. annua is controlled by a sterile S cytoplasm interacting with three nuclear genes: one inducer I and two fertility restorers R1 and R2. This system permits identification of the genotypes of the original ♂ sterile mutant (used as female after sex conversion by cytokinins), the constructed semi-sterile and restored fertile strains. Sex segregations in crosses between ♂ fertile strains selected for their various degree of sensitivity towards feminizing hormones make it possible to explain sex determinism and male plurality by a system of three complementary genes. Crosses between these strains show that the cytoplasmic factor and R1 gene involved in male sterility also affect sex distribution. Comparative data between endogenous cytokinin levels, phenocopies obtained by feminizing hormone, and crosses demonstrate that all these strains constitute a series of ♂ developmental ‘mutants’ starting from strong males and continuing to weak ♂, semisterile and sterile ♂, and then females.

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Communicated by W. Gajewski

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Louis, J.P., Durand, B. Studies with the dioecious angiosperm Mercurialis annua L. (2n=16): Correlation between genic and cytoplasmic male sterility, sex segregation and feminizing hormones (cytokinins). Molec. Gen. Genet. 165, 309–322 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00332532

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00332532

Keywords

  • Comparative Data
  • Male Sterility
  • Nuclear Gene
  • Cytoplasmic Male Sterility
  • Complementary Gene