Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 233–246 | Cite as

Relationship of pathology to scolex morphology among Caryophyllid cestodes

  • John S. Mackiewicz
  • Gerald E. Cosgrove
  • William D. Gude


The comparative pathology as related to modes of attachment and scolex morphology of the following 15 species of caryophyllid cestodes was studied: Caryophyllaeus laticeps, Monobothrium ingens, M. hunteri, M. ulmeri, Glaridacris catostomi, G. confusus, Biacetabulum infrequens, B. biloculoides, B. carpiodi, Hunterella nodulosa, Isoglaridacris folius, Khawia iowensis, Atractolytocestus huronensis, Capingens singularis and Spartoides wardi. Species with specialized holdfasts having loculi, bothria, or acetabula elicit little or no pathology; on the other hand, those with a terminal introvert, weakly developed loculi, or lacking specialized structures elicit pronounced host reactions in the form of nodules or shallow ulcers. Species with similar types of scolexes appear to attach in similar ways. An interface layer, apparently mucoid in nature as shown by histochemical tests, is often present between host and parasite of some species. Distribution in the intestine, multiple infections, and niche width as related to scolex morphology are discussed. Photomicrographs of species in situ, of pathology, and drawings of scolex types supplement the observations.


Specialized Structure Interface Layer Similar Type Niche Width Multiple Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • John S. Mackiewicz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gerald E. Cosgrove
    • 3
  • William D. Gude
    • 3
  1. 1.State University of New York at AlbanyAlbany
  2. 2.University of TennesseeKnoxville
  3. 3.Biology DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak Ridge

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