Newton's views on aether and gravitation

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Literature

  1. 1.

    Newton, I., Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, first edition 1687.

  2. 2.

    The correspondence of Isaac Newton, (further quoted as “Correspondence”), vol. 3: letter 399 of January 17, 1692/93, esp. p. 240.

  3. 3.

    Newton, I., Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, second edition 1713: Scholium generale.

  4. 4.

    Correspondence, vol. 1: letter 146 to Oldenburg of December 7, 1675, esp. p. 366.

  5. 5.

    Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 233 of February 28, 1678/79, esp. p. 295.

  6. 6.

    Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 288 of June 20, 1686 and letter 291 of July 27, 1686.

  7. 7.

    Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 288, p. 440.

  8. 8.

    Newton, I., Opticks, second edition 1717–18; new queries numbered 17–24.

  9. 9.

    Hall, A. R. & M. B., Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton (Cambridge University Press, 1962), p. 321–333, 349–359.

  10. 10.

    Ibid., p. 183–213.

  11. 11.

    Rosenfeld, L., Newton and the law of gravitation (Archive for History of Exact Sciences 2, 365 (1965).

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    Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 291, p. 447.

  13. 13.

    Aiton, E. J., Newton's Aether Stream Hypothesis and the Inverse Square Law of Gravitation (Annals of Science).

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    Gagnebin, B, De la cause de la pesanteur, mémoire de Nicolas Fatio de Duillier (Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 6, 105 (1949)) (further quoted as “Gagnebin”).

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    Œuvres complètes de C. Huygens (further quoted as “Œuvres”), vol. 19, p. 619; vol. 21, p. 379.

  16. 16.

    Œuvres, vol. 9, p. 167 (also Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 307, and Gagnebin, p. 109).

  17. 17.

    Gagnebin, p. 114–115 (also Correspondence, vol. 3: letter 352, note (1), p. 69, where the second entry, however, is wrongly interpreted as referring to the exposition of Fatio's own theory).

  18. 18.

    Œuvres, vol. 21, p. 429.

  19. 19.

    Correspondence, vol. 3: letter 463, p. 390.

  20. 20.

    Œuvres, vol. 9, p. 381.

  21. 21.

    Gagnebin, p. 115–116.

  22. 22.

    Gagnebin, p. 116–117.

  23. 23.

    Gagnebin, p. 154–158 (also, but incomplete, Œuvres, vol. 9, p. 391).

  24. 24.

    Œuvres, vol. 9, p. 407 (letter to Huygens of April 11, 1690).

  25. 25.

    Œuvres, vol. 10, p. 608 (also Correspondence, vol. 3: letter 440).

  26. 26.

    Loc. cit. in note 9, p. 313.

  27. 27.

    Œuvres, vol. 10, p. 354.

  28. 28.

    Œuvres, vol. 10, p. 613 (letter to Leibniz of May 29, 1694 (n.s.)) and p. 669 (letter to Leibniz of August 24, 1694 (n.s.)).

  29. 29.

    Œuvres, vol. 10, p. 603 (letter to Huygens of April 26, 1694 (n.s.)) and p. 644 (letter to Huygens of June 22, 1694 (n.s.)).

  30. 30.

    Correspondence, vol. 2, note (4) to letter 275, p. 412.

  31. 31.

    Correspondence, vol. 2: letter 276 of January 12, 1684/85 to Flamsteed.

  32. 32.

    Newton, I., Optice (translated by S. Clarke) 1706, quaestio 23 (= query 31 in later editions); see also Robinet, A., (ed.), Correspondance Leibniz-Clarke (Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1957).

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Rosenfeld, L. Newton's views on aether and gravitation. Arch. Rational Mech. 6, 29–37 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00327261

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Keywords

  • Aether