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XPS, ICP and DPASV analysis of medieval pottery — Statistical multivariate treatment of data

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Abstract

Medieval ceramic sherds have been studied by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) emission spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in order to acquire knowledge about technological achievements in pottery production in Apulia during the Middle Ages. The XPS results allow to characterize the surface glazes, which are transparent owing to the presence of PbO or opaque-white in case of Sn addition. The study of coloured glossy surfaces, after an optimized chemical etching, has also shed light on the pigment nature of the painted decorations, whose red colour is to be attributed to the presence of Pb3O4 and not of Fe oxides. Quantitative determinations were performed by ICP measurements on samples of differently coloured glazes, clayey slips and ceramic bulks. Pb and Cu, present in one green glaze, were also determined by differential pulsed anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV). The analytical results were treated by different statistical techniques of multivariate analysis.

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Bruno, P., Caselli, M., Curri, M.L. et al. XPS, ICP and DPASV analysis of medieval pottery — Statistical multivariate treatment of data. Fresenius J Anal Chem 350, 168–177 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00323182

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00323182

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