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Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 346, Issue 10–11, pp 882–884 | Cite as

Flow injection analysis using an aquarium air pump

  • Kate Grudpan
  • Colin Taylor
  • Hans Sitter
  • Cornelius Keller
Original Papers General Chemistry

Summary

Aquarium air pumps in either pressure- or suction-mode have been applied to flow injection analysis (FIA) as low-cost solution-propelling devices. Combined with a novel low-cost injection valve, such pums have been used for acid-base titrations, for the determination of phosphate and ammonium ions, and for the determination of sodium, potassium and calcium with flame photometric detection.

Keywords

Sodium Calcium Phosphate Ammonium Potassium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate Grudpan
    • 1
  • Colin Taylor
    • 2
  • Hans Sitter
    • 3
  • Cornelius Keller
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceThe UniversityChiang MaiThailand
  2. 2.School of Chemical and Physical SciencesLiverpool JM UniversityLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.Centre for Advanced Technological and Environmental TrainingKarlsruhe Nuclear Research CentreKarlsruheGermany

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