# Connectivity properties of Mandelbrot's percolation process

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## Summary

In 1974, Mandelbrot introduced a process in [0, 1]^{2} which he called “canonical curdling” and later used in this book(s) on fractals to generate self-similar random sets with Hausdorff dimension *D*∈(0,2). In this paper we will study the connectivity or “percolation” properties of these sets, proving all of the claims he made in Sect. 23 of the “Fractal Geometry of Nature” and a new one that he did not anticipate: There is a probability *p*_{c}∈(0,1) so that if *p*<*p*_{c} then the set is “duslike” i.e., the largest connected component is a point, whereas if *p*≧*p*_{c} (notice the =) opposing sides are connected with positive probability and furthermore if we tile the plane with independent copies of the system then there is with probability one a unique unbounded connected component which intersects a positive fraction of the tiles. More succinctly put the system has a first order phase transition.

## Keywords

Phase Transition Stochastic Process Probability Theory Statistical Theory Hausdorff Dimension## Preview

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