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Oecologia

, Volume 96, Issue 1, pp 40–42 | Cite as

Predator-mediated genotypic shifts in a prey population: experimental evidence

  • Joanna Pijanowska
  • Lawrence J. Weider
  • Winfried Lampert
Original Papers

Abstract

We demonstrate the effect of fish predation on genotype frequencies in a laboratory population composed of two Daphnia magna clones, with historically contrasting exposures to fish predation. The two clones differed in their responsiveness to predation via differential avoidance/escape behavior. The clone which coexists with fish in nature is more responsive to the presence of a fish predator, while the clone not exposed to fish predation does not exhibit the defensive reaction. Fish caused a rapid (within 18 h) and significant shift in Daphnia clonal composition, from 1:1 to 8:1, in favor of the responsive clone. Genotype-specific defensive abilities (modus defendi) can contribute greatly to the phenomenon of genotype replacement under selective predation.

Key words

Daphnia Vertical migration Predator-induced behavior Clonal replacement 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Pijanowska
    • 1
  • Lawrence J. Weider
    • 1
  • Winfried Lampert
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für LimnologiePlönGermany

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