Skip to main content
Log in

Olfaction in peking ducks (Anas platyrhynchos): A comparative study of centrifugal and centripetal olfactory connections in young ducks and in embryos and ducklings (Aves)

Zoomorphology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Summary

Our study of young white Peking ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) revealed that their main olfactory centres are very similar to those reported for pigeons. Additionally, two major olfactory tracts and other olfactory centres were found to be intimately associated with telencephalic and diencephalic limbic structures. Our results make it possible to reject the view that olfaction in birds is not connected with the limbic system, as is the case in other vertebrates. The occurrence of olfaction was found to be considerably higher in embryos and ducklings. Embryonic connections are more extensive than the olfactory structures of young ducks, covering the archipallial wall of the hemisphere, i.e. the dorsomedial hippocampus and the main laminae of the forebrain. Transitory centripetal olfactory connections develop in embryos, and centrifugal olfactory connections are present in ducklings at the time of hatching. Controls revealed that a portion of the olfactory connections is drastically reduced by physiological degeneration involving connections emanating from both directions. Ultrastructural examination of embryonic archipallial structures revealed that the degeneration is partially the result of the dispersal of innervated neurons. Phylogenetically, one may compare the significant involvement of transitory olfactory connections in the anlage of limbic structures with the conditions occurring in anamniot vertebrates. This supports the hypothesis that the primary development of transitory olfactory connections represents an ontogenetic recapitulation of ancestral conditions, by which the structural and functional organization of the avian brain is influenced.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Institutional subscriptions

References

  • Ariens-Kappers Cu, Huber GC, Crosby EC (1967) The comparative anatomy of the nervous system of vertebrates, including man. Hafner Publishing Company, New York, pp 1358–1401

    Google Scholar 

  • Baldacini N, Benvenuti S, Fiaschi V, Papi F (1975) New data on the influence of olfactory deprivation on the homing behavior of pipeons. In: Denton KD, Coglhau JP (eds) Olfaction and taste. Academic Press, New York, pp 351–353

    Google Scholar 

  • Bang BG (1960) Anatomical evidence for olfactory function in some species of birds. Nature 188:547–549

    Google Scholar 

  • Bang BG, Cobb S (1968) The size of the olfactory bulb in 108 species of birds. Auk 85:55–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Benowitz L (1980) Funktional organization of the avian telencephalon. In: Ebbesson SOE (eds) Comparative neurology of the telencephalon. Plenum Press, New York London, pp 389–421

    Google Scholar 

  • Cobb S (1960a) A note on the size of the avian olfactory bulb. Epilepsia 1:394–402

    Google Scholar 

  • Cobb S (1960b) Comparative anatomy of the avian brain. Persect Biol Med 3:383–408

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen DH, Karten HJ (1974) The structural organization of avian brain. An overview. In: Goodman IJ, Schein MW (eds) Birds, brain and behavior. Academic Press, New York, pp 29–73

    Google Scholar 

  • Craigie EH (1940) The cerebral cortex in paleognathine and neognathine birds. J Comp Neurol 73:179–234

    Google Scholar 

  • Crosby EC, Humphrey T (1939) Studies on the vertebrate telencephalon. J Comp Neurol 71:121–213

    Google Scholar 

  • Crosby EC, Humphrey T (1939) Studies on vertebrate telencephalon. J Comp Neurol 71:121–213

    Google Scholar 

  • Ebbesson SO (1980) The parcellation theory and its relation to interspecific variability in brain organization, evolutionary and ontogenetic development, and neuronal plasticity. Cell and Tissue Res 213:179–212

    Google Scholar 

  • Ebbesson SO (1984) Evolution and ontogeny of neural circuits. The behavioral and brain sciences 7:321–366

    Google Scholar 

  • Gallyas F, Wolff JR, Böttcher M, Záborszky L (1980) A reliable and sensitive method to localize terminal degeneration and lysosomes in the central nervous system. Stain Technol 55:299–306

    Google Scholar 

  • Grubb TC (1974) Olfactory navigation to the nesting burrow in leach's petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa). Anim Behav 22:192–202

    Google Scholar 

  • Holländer H, Vaaland JL (1968) A reliable staining method for semi-thin sections in experimental neuroanatomy. Brain Res 10:120–126

    Google Scholar 

  • Huber GC, Crosby EC (1929) The nuclei and fibre paths of the avian diencepthalon, with consideration of telencephalic and certain mesencephalic structures. J Comp Neurol 48:1–225

    Google Scholar 

  • Karten HJ, Hodos W (1967) A stereotaxic atlas of the brain of the pigeon (Columba livia). Hopkins Press, Baltimore, pp 1–193

    Google Scholar 

  • Karten HJ, Dubbledam JL (1973) The organization and projection of the paleostriatal complex in the pigeon (Columba livia). J Comp Neurol 148:1–61

    Google Scholar 

  • Malmgren L, Olsson Y (1978) A sensitive method for histochemical demonstration of horseradish peroxidase in neurons following retrograde axonal transport. Brain Res 148:279–294

    Google Scholar 

  • Nauta WJH, Karten HJ (1970) A general profile of the vertebrate brain, with sidelights on the ancestry of cerebral cortex. The neurosciences, second study program. Rockefeller University Press, New York, pp 11

    Google Scholar 

  • Papi F, Fiore L, Fiaschi V, Benvenuti S (1971) The influence of olfactory nerve section on the homing capacity of carrier pigeons. Monitore Zool Ital 5:265–267

    Google Scholar 

  • Papi F, Fiore L, Fiaschi V, Benvenuti S (1972) Olfaction and homing in pigeons. Monitore Zool Ital 6:85–95

    Google Scholar 

  • Pearson R (1972) The avian brain. Academic Press, London New York, pp 658

    Google Scholar 

  • Pearson R, Pearson L (1976) The vertebrate brain. Academic Press, London New York San Francisco, pp 744

    Google Scholar 

  • Rausch LJ, Shallenburger RJ, Wenzel BM (1975) Olfaction and food seeking behavior in procellariiformes. Soc Neuroscience Abstr, 5th Annual Meeting, pp 562

  • Reisinger E (1972) Die Evolution des Orthogons der Spiralier und das Archicoelomatenproblem. Z Zool Syst and Evolutionsforsch 10:1–43

    Google Scholar 

  • Remane A (1971) Die Grundlagen des natürlichen Systems, der vergleichenden Anatomie und der Phylogenetik. Koeltz, Koenigstein Taunus, pp 364

    Google Scholar 

  • Rieke GK, Wenzel BM (1975) The ipsilateral olfactory projection field in the pigeon. In: Denton DA, Coghlan JP (eds) Olfaction and taste. 5, Proc of the Fifth Int Symp, Academic Press, New York, pp 361–368

    Google Scholar 

  • Rieke GK, Wenzel BM (1978) Forebrain projections of the pigeon olfactory bulb. J Morphol 158:41–56

    Google Scholar 

  • Tucker D (1965) Electrophysiological evidence for olfactory function in birds. Nature 207:34–36

    Google Scholar 

  • Teuchert G, Reissmann T, Wolff JR (1982) Strukturelle Korrelate der Prägung bei Vögeln. Physiologische Degeneration in der Ontogenie des Olfaktorischen Systems bei der Ente. Verh Dtsch Zool Ges 1982, 336

    Google Scholar 

  • Teuchert G, Reissmann T, Vockel A (1985) Developmental aspects of the telencephalic laminae in birds. In: Duncher HR, Fleischer G (ededs) Fortschritte der Zool. Vertebrate Morph 30:589–591

    Google Scholar 

  • Wolff JR (1981) Some morphogenetic aspects of the development of the central nervous system. In: Immelmann K, Barlow GW, Main M, Petrinovich L (eds) Behavioral Development, the Bielefeld Interdisciplinary Project. Cambridge University Press, pp 164–190

  • Würdinger I (1979) Olfaction and feeding behaviour in juvenile geese (Anser anser and anser domesticus). Z Tierpsychol 49:132–135

    Google Scholar 

  • Zeier H, Karten HJ (1971a) The Archistriatum of the pigeon. Organisation of afferent and efferent connections. Brain Res 31:313–326

    Google Scholar 

  • Zeier H, Karten HJ (1971b) Archistriatal lesions and response inhibition in the pigeon. Brain Res 31:327–339

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Teuchert, G., Reissmann, T. & Vockel, A. Olfaction in peking ducks (Anas platyrhynchos): A comparative study of centrifugal and centripetal olfactory connections in young ducks and in embryos and ducklings (Aves). Zoomorphology 106, 185–198 (1986). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00312208

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00312208

Keywords

Navigation