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Diamondiferous garnet harzburgites from the Finsch kimberlite, Northern Cape, South Africa

Abstract

Two xenoliths of garnet harzburgite from the Finsch kimberlite, South Africa, have been found to contain diamond. One of the xenoliths has mineral compositions typical of low-T coarse textured garned peridotites, whereas minerals in the other are similar but not identical to most peridotite-suite minerals included in diamonds, especially in the low-CaO content of garnet. Geothermobarometric calculations show both xenoliths equilibrated at temperatures above 1,100°C and pressures>55 kbar, which is near the low-pressure end of the range of equilibration conditions for diamond-free garnet lherzolites and garnet harzburgites from Finsch. The chemistries of the minerals in the two rocks are distinctly different to most of the mineral inclusions in Finsch diamonds. This, as well as the different δ13C compositions between xenolith diamonds (-2.8 to-4.6‰) and diamonds in the kimberlite (generally<-4.3‰) suggest different origins or sources for the diamonds.

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Viljoen, K.S., Swash, P.M., Otter, M.L. et al. Diamondiferous garnet harzburgites from the Finsch kimberlite, Northern Cape, South Africa. Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. 110, 133–138 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00310887

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00310887

Keywords

  • Equilibration Condition
  • Mineral Resource
  • Mineral Composition
  • Mineral Inclusion
  • Garnet Lherzolites