Coral Reefs

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 43–47 | Cite as

Effects of Hurricane Allen on reef fish assemblages near Discovery Bay, Jamaica

  • Leslie S. Kaufman


On 6 August 1980, Hurricane Allen pounded the north coast of Jamaica with its heaviest seas of this century. The resulting destruction of fish habitats was followed by changes in predator abundance, herbivore behavior, and the distribution of territorial damselfishes. One year later, fish assemblages differed between patches of reef more or less severely damaged by the hurricane. Hurricanes of this magnitude could have an important influence on local patterns of behavior and species interactions, by redistributing fish habitats and their associated key species.


Sedimentology Important Influence Fish Assemblage Reef Fish Local Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Barlow G (1974) Extraspecific imposition of social grouping among surgeonfishes (Pisces: Acanthuridae). J Zool 174:333–340Google Scholar
  2. Brawley SH, Adey WH (1977) Territorial behavior of threespot damselfish (Eupomacentrus planifrons) increases reef algal biomass and productivity. Env Biol Fish 2:45–51Google Scholar
  3. Clarke RD (1977) Habitat distribution and species diversity of chaetodontid and pomacentrid fishes near Bimini, Bahamas. Mar Biol 40:227–289Google Scholar
  4. Emery AR, Burgess WE (1974) A new species of damselfish (Eupomacentrus) from the western Atlantic, with a key to known species of that area. Copeia 4:879–886Google Scholar
  5. Itzkowitz M (1977) Spatial organization of the Jamaican damselfish community. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 28:217–241Google Scholar
  6. Kaufman LS (1977) The threespot damselfish: effects on benthic biota of Caribbean coral reefs. Proc 2nd Int Coral Reef Symp 1:559–564Google Scholar
  7. Kaufman LS (1979) Damselfish disturbance on Caribbean coral reefs. PhD dissertation, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MdGoogle Scholar
  8. Kaufman LS (1981) There was biological disturbance on Pleistocene coral reefs. Palcobiology 7:527–532Google Scholar
  9. Kinzie RA III (1973) The zonation of West Indian gorgonians. Bull Mar Sci 23:93–155Google Scholar
  10. Knowlton NK, Lang JC, Rooney MC, Clifford P (1981) Evidence of delayed mortality in hurricane-damaged Jamaican staghorn coral. Nature (London) 294:251–252Google Scholar
  11. Lobel P (1980) Herbivory by damselfishes and their role in coral reef community structure. In: Emery AR, Thresher RE (eds) Biology of damselfishes. Bull Mar Sci 30:273–289Google Scholar
  12. Robertson R, Allen GR (1981) Stegastes mellis (Emery et Burgess 1974), le juvenile de la demoiselle caraibe Stegastes diencaeus (Jordan et Rutter 1898). Rev Fr Aquariol 7:109–112Google Scholar
  13. Robertson R, Sweatman HPA, Fletcher EA, Cleveland MG (1976) Schooling as a mechanism for circumventing the territoriality of competitors. Ecology 57:1208–1220Google Scholar
  14. Smith CL, Tyler JC (1975) Succession and stability in fish communities of dome-shaped patch reefs in the West Indies. Am Mus Novit 2572:1–18Google Scholar
  15. Waldner RE, Robertson DR (1980) Patterns of habitat partitioning by eight species of territorial Caribbean damselfishes (Pisces: Pomacentridae). Bull Mar Sci 30:171–186Google Scholar
  16. Williams AH (1979) Interference behavior and ecology of threespot damselfish (Eupomacentrus planifrons). Oecologia (Berlin) 38:223–230Google Scholar
  17. Woodley JD, Chornesky EA, Clifford PA, Jackson JBC, Kaufman LS, Knowlton N, Lang JC, Pearson MP, Porter JW, Rooney MC, Rylaarsdam KW, Tunnicliffe VJ, Wahle CM, Wulff JL, Curtis ASG, Dallmeyer MD, Jupp BP, Koehl MAR, Neigel J, Sides EM (1981) Hurricane Allen's impact on Jamaican reefs. Science 214:749–755Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leslie S. Kaufman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of MassachusettsBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations