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Rheumatology International

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 131–134 | Cite as

Prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis in the adult Indian population

  • A. N. Malaviya
  • S. K. Kapoor
  • R. R. Singh
  • A. Kumar
  • I. Pande
Originals

Summary

The prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis was studied in the adult Indian population. As the first step, a house-to-house survey of a rural population near Delhi was conducted by two trained health workers. The target population comprised 44 551 adults (over 16 years old). The health workers identified the possible cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a questionnaire. These cases were then further evaluated by the authors using the 1987 revised ARA criteria for the diagnosis of RA. A response rate of 89.5% was obtained and 3393 persons were listed as possible cases of RA by the health workers. Of these, 299 satisfied the revised ARA criteria for the diagnosis of RA, giving a prevalence of 0.75%. Projected to the whole population, this would give a total of about seven million patients in India. The prevalence of RA in India is quite similar to that reported from the developed countries. It is higher than that reported from China, Indonesia, Philippines and rural Africa. These findings are in keeping with the fact that the north Indian population is genetically closer to the Caucasians than to other ethnic groups.

Key words

Rheumatoid arthritis Epidemiology Prevalence India 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Malaviya
    • 1
  • S. K. Kapoor
    • 2
  • R. R. Singh
    • 3
  • A. Kumar
    • 1
  • I. Pande
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Immunology Section, Department of MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Comprehensive Rural Health Centre, Department of Community MedicineAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Clinical ImmunologySanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowIndia

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