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Basement membrane components of bronchial epithelium in humans suffering from chronic nonspecific lung diseases

Abstract

Collagen IV and laminin are important constituents of the basement membrane (BM). By use of immunocytochemistry we examined the occurrence and distribution of these two components in the BM beneath normal, mucoid and metaplastic epithelium of large bronchi in 22 adults suffering from chronic nonspecific lung diseases. Both collagen IV and laminin were expressed as a thin and continuous layer beneath the epithelium in most tissue specimens with normal epithelium. In a few specimens the layer showed interruptions with a patchy distribution of the immunoreactivity. Three patterns of distribution of BM components were found under the metaplastic epithelium. Total absence of immunoreactive collagen IV and laminin was the most common variant. Weak and scarce staining for both proteins in the BM characterized the second pattern. The third variant showed strong collagen IV immunoreactivity but lack of laminin. The BM beneath the mucoid epithelium was characterized by irregular distribution of collagen IV and laminin. We suggest that the occurrence and distributional pattern of the BM components are related to the type of overlying epithelium and connected with an altered synthesis of these components.

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Pilmane, M., Magone, M., Luts, A. et al. Basement membrane components of bronchial epithelium in humans suffering from chronic nonspecific lung diseases. Cell Tissue Res 277, 505–510 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00300223

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00300223

Key words

  • Collagen IV
  • Laminin
  • Immunocytochemistry
  • Basement membrane
  • Bronchial epithelium
  • Human