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Segmentation of human chromosomes induced by 5-ACR (5-azacytidine)

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The 5-ACR (5-azacytidine) introduced in human lymphocyte cultures induces a lack or a delay of condensation of some chromosome segements corresponding to the G-bands. The resulting R-banding is very similar to that obtained with a 7-h treatment by BrdU, although the segmentation may be much stronger (pulverization) with high doses. However, the 5-ACR does not induce chromatid asymmetry, as BrdU does. This constitutes a new argument for considering that the segmentation and the asymmetry of chromatids depend, at least partly, on two different mechanisms, where proteins are probably involved. Another effect of 5-ACR is to increase chromosome associations by satellites, secondary constrictions, and telomeric regions.

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Viegas-Péquignot, E., Dutrillaux, B. Segmentation of human chromosomes induced by 5-ACR (5-azacytidine). Hum Genet 34, 247–254 (1976).

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