Human Genetics

, Volume 67, Issue 3, pp 272–295 | Cite as

Anthropometric definitions of dysmorphic facial signs

  • S. Stengel-Rutkowski
  • P. Schimanek
  • A. Werheimer
Original Investigations

Summary

A photoanthropometric method is presented, which enables an objective definition of facial structures. It may support the clinical description of patients with dysmorphic syndromes. Eighteen parameters were studied. The measuring points were elected on the base of anthropological criteria. The measurements were related to reference values in the same face. The obtained indices were compared to an age related control group of 100 normal children between 0 and 12 years. Values below the 3rd and above the 97th percentile were considered as dysmorphisms. The results give information on the frequency and age dependency of different dysmorphic signs.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Farkas LG, Ross RB, James JS (1977) Anthropometry of the face in lateral facial dysplasia: the bilateral form. Cleft Palate J 14 (1): 41–51Google Scholar
  2. Feingold M, Bossert WH (1974) Normal values for selected physical parameters: an aid to syndrome delineation. Birth Defects, Orig Art Ser 10 (13):1–17Google Scholar
  3. Hajniŝ K (1974) Kopf-, Ohrmuschel- und Handwachstum. Acta Univ Carol Biol 2/4:77–294Google Scholar
  4. Leiber K (1972) Ohmuscheldystopie, Ohrmuscheldysplasie und Ohrmuschelmißbildung — Klinische Wertung und Bedeutung als Symptom. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-, Nas-u Kehlk Heilkunde (202):51–84Google Scholar
  5. Martin R, Saller K (1962) Lehrbuch der Anthropologie. Fischer, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  6. Niebuhr E (1979) Anthropometry in the Cri-du-chat syndrome. Clin Genet 16:82–85Google Scholar
  7. Robinow M, Roche AF (1973) Low-set ears. Am J Dis Child 125:482–483Google Scholar
  8. Schwarzfischer F (1969) Ohrmuschel. In: Humangenetik, Becker, PE (ed). Georg-Thieme, Stuttgart, Band I/2Google Scholar
  9. Ziegelmayer G (1969) Mund-Kinn-Region. In: Humangenetik, Becker PE (ed). Georg-Thieme, Stuttgart, Band I/2Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Stengel-Rutkowski
    • 1
  • P. Schimanek
    • 1
  • A. Werheimer
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung für pädiatrische GenetikUniversität MünchenMünchen 2Germany

Personalised recommendations