Advertisement

Sex Roles

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 625–632 | Cite as

Sex-role related effects of sex bias in language

  • John Briere
  • Cheryl Lanktree
Article

Abstract

Despite recent efforts to eliminate sexist language from journal and other publications, controversy persists over whether sexist language contributes to the perpetuation of sex bias. Seventy-two female and 57 male undergraduates were exposed to three levels of sexist noun and pronoun usage in a description of “Ethical Standards of Psychologists.” All subjects then rated the attractiveness of a career in psychology for males and females, and their own willingness to refer a male or female friend to a psychologist. In several instances, ratings of career attractiveness and willingness to refer were found to vary in sex-role stereotypic directions as a function of degree of exposure to sexist language. Recent demands for nonsexist language may be supportable on the basis of a genuine relationship between sexist language and the maintenance of sex-biased perceptions.

Keywords

Social Psychology Related Effect Ethical Standard Recent Effort Female Friend 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. American Psychological Association. Ethical standards of psychologists (Rev. ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author, 1972.Google Scholar
  2. American Psychological Association. Ethical standards of psychologists (Rev. ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. American Psychological Association. Ethical standards of psychologists (Rev. ed.). Washington, D.C.: Author, 1979.Google Scholar
  4. American Psychological Association, Publication Manual Task Force. Guidelines for nonsexist language in APA journals: Publication Manual change sheet 2. American Psychologist, 1977, 32, 487–494.Google Scholar
  5. Bem, S. L., & Bem, D. J. Does sex-biased job advertising “aid and abet” sex discrimination? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1973, 3, 6–18.Google Scholar
  6. Blaubergs, M. S. Changing the sexist language: The theory behind the practice. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1978, 2, 244–261.Google Scholar
  7. Bodine, A. Androcentrism is prescriptive grammar: Singular “they,” sex-indefinite “he,” and “he or she.” Language in Society, 1975, 4, 129–146.Google Scholar
  8. Finn, J. A general model for multivariate analysis. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1974.Google Scholar
  9. Harper & Row. Herper & Row guidelines on equal treatment of the sexes in textbooks. New York: Author, 1976.Google Scholar
  10. Holt, Rinehart & Winston (College Division). The treatment of sex roles and minorities. New York: Author, 1976.Google Scholar
  11. Kaplan, A. G. Towards an analysis of sex-role related issues in the therapeutic relationship. Psychiatry, 1979, 42, 112–120.Google Scholar
  12. Lakoff, R. Language and woman's place. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. Lewis, H. B. Psychic war in men and women. New York: New York University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  14. Moulton, J. M., Robinson, G. M., & Elias, C. Sex bias in language use: Neutral pronouns that aren't. American Psychologist, 1978, 33, 1032–1036.Google Scholar
  15. Prentice-Hall. Prentice-Hall author's guide (5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Author, 1975.Google Scholar
  16. Random House. Guidelines for multiethnic/nonsexist survey. New York: Author, 1975.Google Scholar
  17. Winer, B. Statistical principles in experimental design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. Whorf, B. L. Language, thought, and reality. New York: Wiley, 1956.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Briere
    • 1
  • Cheryl Lanktree
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychologythe University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

Personalised recommendations