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Sex Roles

, Volume 27, Issue 7–8, pp 413–437 | Cite as

Gender differences in eating attitudes, body concept, and self-esteem among models

  • Jennifer B. Brenner
  • Joseph G. Cunningham
Article

Abstract

Eating attitudes, body concept, and self-esteem were investigated among professional fashion models and controls. Samples were predominantly Caucasian and from upper and middle class backgrounds. Women displayed significantly more eating-disordered behavior and lower levels of body satisfaction and self-esteem than men. Whereas the self-esteem of female models was higher than that of female controls the self-esteem of male models and male controls did not differ. Female undergraduates displayed the lowest self-esteem among the groups. Finally, despite findings that the majority of female models were underweight while the majority of female undergraduates were within recommended weight ranges, both groups displayed similar levels of eating-disordered behavior. Results suggest that the slender figures of professional fashion models are best viewed as lying at one extreme of the normal distribution of body types rather than as the product of purposeful dieting behavior to be attained by average women.

Keywords

Gender Difference Social Psychology Middle Class Male Control Diet Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer B. Brenner
    • 1
  • Joseph G. Cunningham
    • 1
  1. 1.Brandeis UniversityUSA

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