Sex Roles

, Volume 25, Issue 3–4, pp 195–211 | Cite as

Perceptions of parenting behavior and young women's gender role traits and preferences

  • Joyce A. Arditti
  • Deborah D. Godwin
  • John Scanzoni


This study examines the effect of perceptions of mothers' and fathers' parenting behavior on their college-aged daughter's gender role development. Unlike in previous studies, in this analysis we consider both the gender role traits of young females (their instrumentality and expressiveness) and their gender role preferences (modernity vs. traditionalism) simultaneously. Three alternative empirical models are tested with data from 163 randomly selected college-aged females using analysis of covariance structures in LISREL VII. Findings substantiated the hypothesis that perceptions of earlier parenting behavior exert a substantial influence on gender role developments of children, particularly regarding mothers' influence on the instrumentality and expressiveness of their daughters. Mothers' parenting, measured along the dimensions of encouragement and control, was generally more strongly related to their daughters' gender role traits than was fathers'. Little influence of parenting behavior on daughters' gender role preferences was found.


Covariance Young Woman Social Psychology Empirical Model Gender Role 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joyce A. Arditti
    • 1
  • Deborah D. Godwin
    • 2
  • John Scanzoni
    • 3
  1. 1.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityUSA
  2. 2.University of GeorgiaUSA
  3. 3.University of FloridaUSA

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