Aries, E. (1976). Interaction patterns and themes of male, female, and mixed groups. Small Group Behavior, 7, 7–18.
Aries, E. (1982). Verbal and nonverbal behavior in single-sex and mixed-sex groups: Are traditional sex roles changing? Psychological Reports, 51, 127–134.
Aries, J., & Johnson, F. L. (1983). Close friendship in adulthood: Conversational content between same-sex friends. Sex Roles, 9, 1183–1196.
Bruner, E. M., & Kelso, J. P. (1980). Gender differences in graffiti: A semiotic perspective. In C. Kramarae (ed.), The voices and words of women and men (pp. 239–252). New York: Pergamon.
Carlson, J. S., Cook, S. W., & Stromberg, E. L. (1936). Sex differences in conversation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 20, 727–735.
Connell, R. W. (1987). Gender and power. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Fishman, P. M. (1978). Interaction: The work women do. Social Problems, 25, 397–408.
Gardner, C. B. (1980). Passing by: Street remarks, address rights, and the urban female. Sociological Inquiry, 50, 328–356.
Haas, A. (1979). Male and female spoken language differences: Stereotypes and evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 616–626.
Haas, A. & Sherman, M. A. (1982). Conversational topic as a function of role and gender. Psychological Reports, 51, 453–454.
Harding, S. (1975). Women and words in a Spanish village. In R. R. Reiter (Ed.), Toward an anthropology of women (pp. 283–308). New York: Monthly Review Press.
Jesperson, O. (1922). Language: Its nature, development, and origin. New York: W. W. Norton.
Johnson, F. L., & Aries, E. J. (1983). Conversational patterns among same-sex pairs of late-adolescent close friends. The Journal of Genetic Psychology 142, 225–238.
Jones, D. (1980). Gossip: Notes on women's oral culture. In C. Kramarae (ed.), The voices and words of women and men (pp. 193–198). New York: Pergamon.
Kipers, P. S. (1987). Gender and topic. Language in Society, 16, 543–557.
Klein, J. (1965). Samples from English cultures, Vol. i. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Komarovsky, M. (1962). Blue collar marriage New York: Random House.
Landis, C. (1927). National differences in conversation. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 21, 354–357.
Landis, M. H., & Burtt, H. E. (1924). A study of conversations. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 4, 81–89.
Meil, P. (1984). A systematic observational study of sex differences in conversation topic, Unpublished ms. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.
Moore, H. T. (1922). Further data concerning sex differences. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 17, 210–214.
Moore, H. T. (1930). Women's colleges and race extinction. Scribner's Magazine, 87, 280–284.
Murphy, G. & Murphy, L. B. (1931). Experimental Social Psychology, New York: Harper.
Parsons, T. (1951). The social system. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Parsons, T. & Bales, R. F. (1955). Family socialization and interaction process. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Penny, R. (1958). Age and sex differences in motivational orientation to the communicative act. Child Development, 29, 163–171.
Reiter, R. R. (1975). Men and women in the south of France: Public and private domains. In R. R. Reiter (Ed.), Toward an Anthropology of Women (pp. 252–282). New York: Monthly Review Press.
Rosenberg, R. (1982). Beyond separate spheres. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Rosenthal, R. (1976). Experimenter effects in behavioral research. New York: Irvington.
Sattel, J. W. (1983). Men, inexpressiveness, and power. In B. Thorne, C. Kramarae, & N. Henley (Eds.), Language, Gender, and Society (pp. 118–124). Rowley, MA: Newbury.
Scott, J. W. (1988). Gender and the politics of history. New York: Columbia University Press.
Sleeper, C. B. (1930). Samplings of leisure-time conversations to find sex differences in drives, Unpublished ms. cited by Murphy & Murphy (1931), pp. 502–503.
Stoke, S. M., and West, E. D. (1930). The conversational interests of college students. School and Society, 32, 567–570.
Stoke, S. M., & West, E. D. (1931). Sex differences in conversational interests. Journal of Social Psychology, 2, 120–126.
Thorndike, E. L. (1914). Educational psychology. New York: Teacher's College, Columbia University.
Thorne, B., & Henley, N. (1975). Difference and dominance: An overview of language, gender and society. In B. Thorne & N. Henley (Eds.), Language and sex: Difference and dominance (pp. 5–42). Rowley, MA: Newbury.
Watson, J., Breed, W., & Posman, H. (1948). A study of urban conversations: Sample of 1,001 remarks overheard in Manhattan. Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 121–133.
West, C., & Garcia, A. (1988). Conversational shift work: A study of topical transitions between women and men. Social Problems, 35, 551–575.