Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

The black male urban barbershop as a sex-role socialization setting

  • Published:
Sex Roles Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Two hundred-eighty participants-as-observer hours and eight hours of informal interviewers with “informants” during a two-month period in summer 1983 were data sources in an analysis of a Black male urban barbershop in a midwestern city. The study focused on the barbershop as a sex-role socialization setting in which adult Black males actively negotiate masculinity while Black male youth passively negotiate masculinity and in all likelihood are socialized to become active negotiators. Content analyses of taped barbershop sessions and the researcher's written reports of the session revealed that the barbershop studied perpetuates sex-role stereotypes, encourages sexist attitudes toward women, and, in general, is a sex-role socialization setting that promotes sex-role inequality.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Bandura, A. Social learning theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brown, R. Social psychology. New York: Macmillan, 1965.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carroll, J. B. Language, thought and reality: Selected writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press, 1956.

    Google Scholar 

  • David, D. S., & Brannon, R. (Eds.). The male sex role. in The forty-nine percent majority. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley, 1976.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fagot, B. I. Continuity and change in play styles as a function of sex of child. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 1981, 4, 37–43.

    Google Scholar 

  • Freud, S. The complete works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 14). London: Hogarth, 1957.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gold, R. L. Roles in sociologist field observation. In G. J. McCall & J. L. Simmon (Eds.), Issues in participant observation. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1969.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hale, J. The Black woman and child rearing. In L. F. Rodgers-Rose (Ed.). The black woman. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage, 1980.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kohlberg, L. A cognitive developmental analysis of children's sex role concepts and attitudes. In E. E. Maccoby (Ed.), The development of sex differences. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1966.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lever, J. Sex differences in the complexity of children's play and games. American Sociological Review, 1978, 43, 471–483.

    Google Scholar 

  • Light, R., & Keller, S. Sociology. New York: Knopf, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  • McGhee, P., & Freuh, T. Television viewing and the learning of sex-role stereotypes. Sex Roles, 1980, 6, 179–187.

    Google Scholar 

  • McKee, J. B. Sociology: The study of society. New York: Holt, 1981.

    Google Scholar 

  • Minton, C., Kagan, J., & Levine, J. A. Maternal control and obedience in the two year old. Child Development, 1971, 42, 1873–1894.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nobles, W. N. Africanity in Black families. Black Scholar, June 1975.

  • Phillips, B. S. Sex-role socialization and play behavior on a rural playground. Master's Thesis, Ohio State University, 1982.

  • Pleck, E., & Pleck, J. (Eds.). The American man. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenberg, C. E. Sexuality, class and role in 19th century America. In E. Pleck & J. Pleck (Eds.), The American man, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980. Pp. 219–254.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rosenberg, M., & Kaplan (Eds.), Social psychology. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schau, C. G. Kahn, I., Diepold, J. H., & Cherry, F. The relationship fo parental expectation and pre-school children's verbal sex-typing to their sex-typed toy play behavior. Child Development, 1980, 51, 266–270.

    Google Scholar 

  • Serbin, L. A. Connor, J. Burchardt, C. J., & Citron, C. C. Effects of peer pressure on sextyping of children's play behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1979, 27, 303–309.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stockard, J., & Johnson, M. M. Sex roles. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

    Google Scholar 

  • Strauss, A. Negotiation, varieties, contexts, processes and social order. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1978.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

The author wishes to thank the Research Administration at Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, for the research grant which financed this study; and Laurel W. Richardson for valuable suggestions.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Franklin, C.W. The black male urban barbershop as a sex-role socialization setting. Sex Roles 12, 965–979 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288098

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288098

Keywords

Navigation