Sex Roles

, Volume 20, Issue 11–12, pp 693–704 | Cite as

The division of labor within the home: Have gender roles changed?

  • Robin A. Douthitt


The purpose of this paper was to examine more recent time-use data regarding the division of labor in the home and compare those findings with that of previously reported data. A 1981 national sample of married Canadian men and women's time use was examined. Generalized least squares regression was employed to examine and predict time use by married men and women as a function of spouse's labor force status, number of children, age of youngest child, and day of the week data were collected. As compared to previous studies, results indicate that over time married women have reduced the amount of time spent in meal preparation while increasing time spent with children. Men increased the amount of time spent in food preparation and child care, although their participation appeared limited primarily to weekend days and invariant to wife's labor force participation.


Social Psychology Labor Force Child Care Gender Role Labor Force Participation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin A. Douthitt
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin — MadisonUSA

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