Gender differences in conflict resolution styles of managers: At work and at home

Abstract

Because women and men managers occupy different roles at work and at home, role theory suggests that they would use different conflict resolution behaviors in each role. This study tested this theory empirically using the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode instrument to measure the five conflict resolution styles of 201 managers (99 males and 102 females) in both situational roles. Sex differences were examined along with hierarchical rank. Both genders tended to handle conflict more competitively at work than at home, and used the accommodating style more frequently at home than at work. At home, low-level women managers were more willing to collaborate and less willing to avoid conflict than at work; men managers overall were less likely to compromise at home than at work.

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Chusmir, L.H., Mills, J. Gender differences in conflict resolution styles of managers: At work and at home. Sex Roles 20, 149–163 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287988

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Keywords

  • Gender Difference
  • Social Psychology
  • Conflict Resolution
  • Woman Manager
  • Role Theory